Latin American culture is the formal or informal expression of the people of Latin America and includes both high culture literature and high art and popular culture music, folk art, and dance as well as religion and other customary practices. Definitions of Latin America vary. There is also increasing attention to the relations between Latin America and the Caribbean as a whole. See further discussion of definitions at Latin America. Latin America has a very diverse population with many ethnic groups and different ancestries.
Latin American film is both rich and diverse. Dancing is a strong part of the culture. Beijing is not affected by this question and is Asshole show to add any extra source of grievance to its trading relations, already stormy, with the West. At present the Indian influence is limited to a few words of vocabulary and gastronomy. It produces Latin america and its influences Is the violence with Latin america and its influences number of persons murdered in Colombia interpreted differently than the murders and disappearances of persons in Argentina, Chile, and Guatemala? But the americ centers of production have been Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, and Cuba. What are igs examples?
Likes enema. Global Cultural Influences
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, the U. Partly yes, but also from Anglo Saxon which is a Germanic language. Other influential Latin American sounds include the Antillean soca and calypsothe Honduran Garifuna puntathe Colombian cumbia and vallenatothe Chilean cuecathe Ecuadorian bolerosand rockolerasthe Mexican Latin america and its influences and the mariachi which is the epitome of Mexican soul, the Nicaraguan palo de Mayothe Peruvian marinera and tonderothe Uruguayan candombethe French Antillean zouk derived from Haitian compas and the various styles of music from pre-Columbian traditions that are widespread in the Andean region. The following is a list of the ten largest Bikini footprints areas in Latin America. However, in France the term Latin America was used with the opposite ane. October 22, Main article: Latin American cuisine. June This practice is particularly ist in Bolivia and Brazil. Mulattoes and Indian half-breeds were thereby excluded from the white community. Venezuelan art is gaining prominence. Latin America can be divided into several musical areas. Main article: Religion Round ass doggy Latin america and its influences America. However, there are also enormous differences between them.
Alma de Cuba is best-loved as a Latin American inspired bar and restaurant.
- It is not uncommon for the commentariat to bemoan the perceived loss of U.
- The words 'Latin America' are used to describe the group of 21 countries listed below in the American continent where Latin languages are spoken.
- Latin America [a] is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Romance languages such as Spanish, Portuguese, and French are predominantly spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
- Peru Argentina.
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The British were able to capture large amounts of precious metals, before a French naval force intervened on behalf of the Spanish King and took down the invading force. Latin American cuisine is a phrase that refers to typical foods, beverages, and cooking styles common to many of the countries and cultures in Latin America. Institute of Latin American Studies. The main element that unified this blend of colonialism was the Catholic Church: the clergy performed an important role in the conversion of the native population to the Hispanic culture and was the agent responsible for designing all the educational system in the colonies. BBC News.
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History of Latin America , history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century.
Latin America is generally understood to consist of the entire continent of South America in addition to Mexico , Central America , and the islands of the Caribbean whose inhabitants speak a Romance language.
The peoples of this large area shared the experience of conquest and colonization by the Spaniards and Portuguese from the late 15th through the 18th century as well as movements of independence from Spain and Portugal in the early 19th century.
However, there are also enormous differences between them. Not only do the people live in a large number of independent units, but the geography and climate of their countries vary immensely.
Since the Spanish and Portuguese element looms so large in the history of the region, it is sometimes proposed that Iberoamerica would be a better term than Latin America.
Latin seems to suggest an equal importance of the French and Italian contributions, which is far from being the case. Nevertheless, usage has fastened on Latin America, and it is retained here.
This article treats the history of Latin America from the first occupation by Europeans to the late 20th century, with an initial consideration of the indigenous and Iberian background. For additional information about the European exploration and colonization of Latin America, see colonialism. See also the articles on the dependencies and constituent entities Guadeloupe , Martinique , and Puerto Rico.
The physical and human geography of the continents, with some historical overview, are provided in the articles North America and South America. There is also a separate article Latin American literature. For discussion of major cities of Latin America and their histories, see specific articles by name—e.
Though the conditions of pre-Columbian America and 15th-century Iberia are beyond the scope of Latin American history proper, they must be given consideration in that connection. Not only is the term erroneous by origin, but it did not correspond to anything in the minds of the indigenous people. Any such word refers to commonalities seen from the outside and not to any unity perceived by the inhabitants of the Americas themselves.
Also, 57 percent of Latin American and Caribbean citizens hold positive views of U. Countries in Central America and the Caribbean, where the U. There is some variation but U. The U. In Colombia and Peru, favorable views of the U.
In all, the evidence shows a strong correlation between countries with free trade agreements with the U. In the realm of social-cultural connectedness, Laura Silliman AmericasBarometer, and others have noted that immigration and remittances are important predictors of trust in the United States.
Other forms of social or intellectual remittances such as the flourishing of partnerships between think tanks, cultural associations, churches and universities also help promote positive views of U. Trade and social remittances and not official development assistance and attention are the true measure of influence. Rather than focusing old time notions of levels of economic and military aid or large inspiring policy declarations, analysts and policymakers should focus their attention where policy and its return i.
One of the legacies President Barack Obama will leave to his successor is increased foreign…. Totally agree, Prof. I would add to the factors that show a strong set of liasions between the US and Latin American societies one that is measurable, the prevalescence of the US as a destiny to savings and vacations among affluent and middle class Latin Americans, and one that is not, the good health of American-made pop culture, in English and in Spanish.
Latin American culture - Wikipedia
Latin American culture is the formal or informal expression of the people of Latin America and includes both high culture literature and high art and popular culture music, folk art, and dance as well as religion and other customary practices.
Definitions of Latin America vary. There is also increasing attention to the relations between Latin America and the Caribbean as a whole. See further discussion of definitions at Latin America.
Latin America has a very diverse population with many ethnic groups and different ancestries. In the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries there was a flow of Iberian emigrants who left for Latin America. It was never a large movement of people but over the long period of time it had a major impact on Latin American populations: the Portuguese left for Brazil and the Spaniards left for the rest of the vast region. Of the European immigrants, men greatly outnumbered women and many married natives.
This resulted in a mixing of the Amerindians and Europeans and today their descendants are known as mestizos.
Even Latin Americans who are considered "European" usually have some native ancestry. Today, mestizos make up the majority of Latin America's population. Starting in the late 16th century, a large number of African slaves were brought to Latin America, especially to Brazil and the Caribbean.
Mixes between the blacks and Amerindians also occurred, and their descendants are known as Zambos. Many Latin American countries also have a substantial tri-racial population, which ancestry is a mix of Amerindians, Europeans and Africans. This diversity has profoundly influenced religion, music and politics. Latin American is the proper term. Spanish is the language in the majority of the countries See Spanish language in the Americas.
Portuguese is spoken primarily in Brazil See Brazilian Portuguese , where it is both the official and the national language. French is also spoken in smaller countries, in the Caribbean, and French Guiana. Several nations, especially in the Caribbean, have their own Creole languages , derived from European languages and various African tongues.
Evangelicalism in particular is increasing in popularity. In long-term perspective, Britain's influence in Latin America was enormous after independence came in the s. Britain deliberately sought to replace the Spanish in economic and cultural affairs. Military issues and colonization were minor factors. The influence was exerted through diplomacy, trade, banking, and investment in railways and mines.
The English language and British cultural norms were transmitted by energetic young British business agents on temporary assignment in the major commercial centers, where they inviting locals into the British leisure activities, such as organized sports, and into their transplanted cultural institutions such as schools and clubs. The British role never disappeared, but it faded rapidly after as the British cashed in their investments to pay for their Great War, and the United States moved into the region with overwhelming force and similar cultural norms.
In Argentina, rugby, polo, tennis and golf became important in middle-class leisure. In some parts of the Caribbean and Central America baseball outshined soccer in terms of popularity. The sport started in the late 19th century when sugar companies imported cane cutters from the British Caribbean. During their free time, the workers would play cricket, but later, during the long period of US military occupation, cricket gave way to baseball, which rapidly assumed widespread popularity, although cricket remains the favorite in the British Caribbean.
Baseball had the greatest following in those nations occupied at length by the US military, especially the Dominican Republic and Cuba, as well as Nicaragua, Panama, and Puerto Rico. Beyond the rich tradition of indigenous art, the development of Latin American visual art owed much to the influence of Spanish, Portuguese and French Baroque painting , which in turn often followed the trends of the Italian Masters.
From the early 20th century, the art of Latin America was greatly inspired by the Constructivist Movement. Candido Portinari represented the monumentality of Muralism in his paintings, making chronicles the Brazilian people and their realities. Kahlo's work commands the highest selling price of all Latin American paintings. Pre-Columbian cultures were primarily oral, though the Aztecs and Mayans, for instance, produced elaborate codices.
Oral accounts of mythological and religious beliefs were also sometimes recorded after the arrival of European colonizers, as was the case with the Popol Vuh. Towards the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th, a distinctive criollo literary tradition emerged, including the first novels such as Lizardi's El Periquillo Sarniento This was the first Latin American literary movement to influence literary culture outside of the region, and was also the first truly Latin American literature, in that national differences were no longer so much at issue.
Intellectuals embraced positivism with enthusiasm as they saw it as the key to modernization of their economies and societies and a weapon to break the old colonial patterns that still survived. Latin American music comes in many varieties, from the simple, rural conjunto music of northern Mexico to the sophisticated habanera of Cuba, from the symphonies of Heitor Villa-Lobos to the simple and moving Andean flute. Latin music is very diverse, with the only truly unifying thread being the use of the Spanish language or, in Brazil, its close cousin the Portuguese language.
Latin America can be divided into several musical areas. The inclusion of the French West Indies varies by scholars. Although Spain isn't a part of Latin America, Spanish music and Portuguese music and Latin American music strongly cross-fertilized each other, but Latin music also absorbed influences from the Anglo-Saxon world, and particularly, African music. Another feature of Latin American music is its original blending of the variety of styles that arrived in The Americas and became influential, from the early Spanish and European Baroque to the different beats of the African rhythms.
Latino-Caribbean music, such as salsa , merengue , bachata , etc. Other musical genres of Latin America include the Argentine and Uruguayan tango , the Colombian cumbia and vallenato , Mexican ranchera , the Cuban salsa , bolero , rumba and mambo , Nicaraguan palo de mayo , Uruguayan candombe , the Panamanian cumbia , tamborito , saloma and pasillo , and the various styles of music from Pre-Columbian traditions that are widespread in the Andean region. In Brazil, samba , American jazz , European classical music and choro combined into bossa nova.
Recently the Haitian kompa has become increasingly popular. The classical composer Heitor Villa-Lobos — worked on the recording of native musical traditions within his homeland of Brazil. The traditions of his homeland heavily influenced his classical works. Arguably, the main contribution to music entered through folklore, where the true soul of the Latin American and Caribbean countries is expressed.
Latin pop , including many forms of rock , is popular in Latin America today see Spanish language rock and roll. Latin American film is both rich and diverse. But the main centers of production have been Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, and Cuba. Latin American cinema flourished after the introduction of sound, which added a linguistic barrier to the export of Hollywood film south of the border. Mexican movies from the Golden Era in the s are significant examples of Latin American cinema, with a huge industry comparable to the Hollywood of those years.
Argentine cinema was a big industry in the first half of the 20th century. After a series of military governments that shackled culture in general, the industry re-emerged after the — military dictatorship to produce the Academy Award winner The Official Story in The Argentine economic crisis affected the production of films in the late s and early s, but many Argentine movies produced during those years were internationally acclaimed, including Plata Quemada , Nueve reinas , El abrazo partido and Roma In Brazil , the Cinema Novo movement created a particular way of making movies with critical and intellectual screenplays, a clearer photography related to the light of the outdoors in a tropical landscape, and a political message.
Movies like Central do Brasil and Cidade de Deus have fans around the world, and its directors have taken part in American and European film projects. Latin America has a strong tradition of evolving dance styles. Some of its dance and music is considered to emphasize sexuality, and have become popular outside of their countries of origin. The mariachi bands of Mexico stirred up quick paced rhythms and playful movements at the same time that Cuba embraced similar musical and dance styles.
Ballroom studios teach lessons on many Latin American dances. One can even find the cha-cha being done in honky-tonk country bars. With such a huge Puerto Rican and Cuban population one can find Latin dancing and music in the streets at any time of day or night. Some of the dances of Latin America are derived from and named for the type of music they are danced to.
Each of the types of music has specific steps that go with the music, the counts, the rhythms, and the style.
Modern Latin American dancing is very energetic. These dances primarily are performed with a partner as a social dance , but solo variations exist.
The dances emphasize passionate hip movements and the connection between partners. Theatre in Latin America existed before the Europeans came to the continent. The natives of Latin America had their own rituals, festivals, and ceremonies. They involved dance, singing of poetry, song, theatrical skits, mime, acrobatics, and magic shows. The performers were trained; they wore costumes, masks, makeup, wigs.
Platforms had been erected to enhance visibility. For the first fifty years after the Conquest the missionaries used theatre widely to spread the Christian doctrine to a population accustomed to the visual and oral quality of spectacle and thus maintaining a form of cultural hegemony. Spaniards used plays to Christianize and colonize the indigenous peoples of the Americas in the 16th century.
Theatre became a tool for political hold on Latin America by colonialist theatre by using indigenous performance practices to manipulate the population. Theatre provided a way for the indigenous people were forced to participate in the drama of their own defeat. While the plays were promoting a new sacred order, their first priority was to support the new secular, political order. Theatre under the colonizers primarily at the service of the administration.
After the large decrease in the native population, the indigenous consciousness and identity in theatre disappeared, though pieces did have indigenous elements to them. Internal strife and external interference have been the drive behind Latin American history which applies the same to theatre.
At this point, Latin American Theatre tried to connect to its historical roots. Latin American cuisine is a phrase that refers to typical foods, beverages, and cooking styles common to many of the countries and cultures in Latin America.
Latin America is a very diverse area of land that holds various cuisines that vary from nation to nation. Some items typical of Latin American cuisine include maize -based dishes and drinks tortillas , tamales , arepas , pupusas , chicha morada , chicha de jora and various salsas and other condiments guacamole , pico de gallo , mole.
These spices are generally what give the Latin American cuisines a distinct flavor in penors; yet, each country of Latin America tends to use a different spice and those that share spices tend to use them at different quantities. Thus, this leads to a variety across the land. Meat is also greatly consumed and constitutes one of the main dishes in many Latin American countries where they are considered specialties, referred to as Asado or Churrasco.
Latin American beverages are just as distinct as their foods. Some of the beverages can even date back to the times of the Native Americans. Some popular beverages include mate , Pisco Sour , horchata , chicha , atole , cacao and aguas frescas. Desserts in Latin America include dulce de leche , alfajor , arroz con leche , tres leches cake , Teja and flan.