Your body has a great deal to do during pregnancy. Sometimes the changes taking place will cause irritation or discomfort, and on occasions they may seem quite alarming. There is rarely any need for alarm but you should mention anything that is worrying you to your maternity team. Morning sickness or nausea with or without vomiting is a common symptom of early pregnancy that is caused by changes in hormones. There are several things you can do to help prevent backache from happening during your pregnancy, and to help you cope with an aching back if it does occur.
Pregnancy is a special time in your Problemms. Often, the condition lessens by the 20th week of pregnancy. Complications of Problems encountered during pregnancy infection in pregnant women are the same for the rest of the population but can also include miscarriage or premature labour. Hair growth can also increase in pregnancy, and your hair may be greasier. Last updated: Monday 16 July
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Ectopic ek-TOP-ihk pregnancy — When a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterususually in the fallopian tube Abdominal pain Shoulder pain Vaginal bleeding Feeling dizzy or faint With ectopic pregnancy, the egg cannot develop. It is found in some refrigerated and Problems encountered during pregnancy foods. Doctors advise getting diabetes under control at least three to six months before trying to conceive. If you Problems encountered during pregnancy sick with flu-like symptoms call your doctor right away. If it is too early to deliver, the doctor will watch the health of the mother and her baby very closely. Pregnant woman with flu also have a greater chance for serious problems for their unborn baby, including premature labor and delivery. But using medicine to control seizures might cause birth defects. Minor Cold Symptoms. Financial support of medical care is on the top, as it refers to two people, a mother and a child. Uterine fibroids rarely cause miscarriage.
They should get better on their own or with help from your midwife, GP or pharmacist.
- Regular prenatal visits help the health care provider identify potential health problems early and take steps to manage them, to protect the health of the mother and the developing fetus.
- All A-Z health topics.
- Here, we are going to speak about several main issues, which people can face.
Some women experience health problems during pregnancy. These complications can involve the mother's health, the fetus's health, or both. Even women who were healthy before getting pregnant can experience complications. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, occurs when arteries carrying blood from the heart to the body organs are narrowed. This causes pressure to increase in the arteries. In pregnancy, this can make it hard for blood to reach the placenta, which provides nutrients and oxygen to the fetus.
Women who have high blood pressure before they get pregnant will continue to have to monitor and control it, with medications if necessary, throughout their pregnancy. High blood pressure that develops in pregnancy is called gestational hypertension.
Typically, gestational hypertension occurs during the second half of pregnancy and goes away after delivery. Gestational diabetes occurs when a woman who didn't have diabetes before pregnancy develops the condition during pregnancy. Normally, the body digests parts of your food into a sugar called glucose. Glucose is your body's main source of energy. After digestion, the glucose moves into your blood to give your body energy. To get the glucose out of your blood and into the cells of your body, your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin.
In gestational diabetes, hormonal changes from pregnancy cause the body to either not make enough insulin, or not use it normally. Instead, the glucose builds up in your blood, causing diabetes, otherwise known as high blood sugar.
Managing gestational diabetes, by following a treatment plan outlined by a health care provider, is the best way to reduce or prevent problems associated with high blood sugar during pregnancy. If not controlled, it can lead to high blood pressure from preeclampsia and having a large infant, which increases the risk for cesarean delivery. Some infections can pass from mother to infant during delivery when the infant passes through the birth canal; other infections can infect a fetus during the pregnancy.
If you are planning to get pregnant, talk with your health care provider about getting vaccines and vaccine boosters for chicken pox also called varicella and rubella also called German measles before you conceive. You can also get some vaccines, such as the flu shot, while you are pregnant. If you know you have an infection, such as an STI, talk with your health care provider about it before you conceive to increase your chances of a healthy pregnancy.
Early prenatal testing for STIs and other infections can determine if the infection can be cured with drug treatment. Or, if you know you have an infection, tell your pregnancy health care provider about it as early as possible in your pregnancy. Early treatment decreases the risk to the fetus and infant. Its cause is unknown, but some women are at an increased risk.
Risk factors include: 5. Certain conditions increase the risk for preterm labor, including infections, developing a shortened cervix, or previous preterm births. Progesterone, a hormone produced naturally during pregnancy, may be used to help prevent preterm birth in certain women. A study led by NICHD researchers found that progesterone supplementation to women at high risk for preterm delivery due to a prior preterm birth reduces the risk of a subsequent preterm birth by one third. Signs can include vaginal spotting or bleeding, cramping, or fluid or tissue passing from the vagina.
However, bleeding from the vagina does not mean that a miscarriage will happen or is happening. The loss of pregnancy after the 20th week of pregnancy is called a stillbirth. In approximately half of all reported cases, health care providers can find no cause for the loss.
However, health conditions that can contribute to stillbirth include chromosomal abnormalities, placental problems, poor fetal growth, chronic health issues of the mother, and infection. Open Citations. What are some common signs of pregnancy?
How do I know if I'm pregnant? What is prenatal care and why is it important? What are some common complications of pregnancy? What is a high-risk pregnancy? What infections can affect pregnancy? What is a cesarean delivery? What should I know about postpartum depression?
Share Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email. Some common complications of pregnancy include, but are not limited to, the following. High Blood Pressure. Gestational Diabetes. Preterm Labor. Other Complications. Other complications of pregnancy may include the following: Severe, persistent nausea and vomiting. Women with hyperemesis gravidarum experience nausea that does not go away, weight loss, reduced appetite, dehydration, and feeling faint.
Some women feel better after their 20th week of pregnancy, while others experience the symptoms throughout their pregnancy. Iron-deficiency anemia—when the body doesn't have enough iron—is somewhat common during pregnancy and is associated with preterm birth and low birth weight. Symptoms of a deficiency in iron include feeling tired or faint, experiencing shortness of breath, and becoming pale. Some women may need extra iron through iron supplements. Preeclampsia and high blood pressure during pregnancy.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. American Family Physician , 78, 93— Births: Final data for Supplemental table I National Vital Statistics Report, 64 Gestational diabetes. Risk of pre-eclampsia in first and subsequent pregnancies: prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal , , b Pregnancy: pregnancy complications. Prevention of recurrent preterm delivery by 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate.
New England Journal of Medicine , , — Early pregnancy loss. Hyperemesis gravidarum. Routine tests during pregnancy. Nutrition during pregnancy. Anemia and iron deficiency: effects on pregnancy outcome. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71 5 , s—s.
However, make sure you drink plenty of non-alcoholic, caffeine-free drinks during the day. But some infections can be harmful to your pregnancy, your baby, or both. This condition causes high blood pressure, swelling of the hands and face, abdominal pain, blurred vision, dizziness, and headaches. HIV can be passed from a woman to her baby during pregnancy or delivery. Work out your due date Make and save your birth plan Maternity and paternity benefits Print your to-do list When pregnancy goes wrong. Sexually transmitted infections fact sheet Thyroid disease Uncontrolled hyperthyroidism overactive thyroid can be dangerous to the mother and cause health problems such as heart failure and poor weight gain in the fetus.
Problems encountered during pregnancy. Full Main Navigation
Overweight and obese women who lose weight before pregnancy are likely to have healthier pregnancies. Overweight, obesity, and weight loss fact sheet Sexually transmitted infections STIs Some STIs can cause early labor, a woman's water to break too early, and infection in the uterus after birth. Some STIs also can be passed from a woman to her baby during pregnancy or delivery.
Some ways STIs can harm the baby include: low birth weight , dangerous infections, brain damage, blindness, deafness, liver problems, or stillbirth. Sexually transmitted infections fact sheet Thyroid disease Uncontrolled hyperthyroidism overactive thyroid can be dangerous to the mother and cause health problems such as heart failure and poor weight gain in the fetus.
Uncontrolled hypothyroidism underactive thyroid also threatens the mother's health and can cause birth defects. Graves' disease fact sheet Hashimoto's disease fact sheet Uterine fibroids Uterine fibroids are not uncommon, but few cause symptoms that require treatment. Uterine fibroids rarely cause miscarriage. Sometimes, fibroids can cause preterm or breech birth. Cesarean delivery may be needed if a fibroid blocks the birth canal.
Uterine fibroids fact sheet. Pregnancy related problems. Health problems during pregnancy Problem Symptoms Treatment Anemia — Lower than normal number of healthy red blood cells Feel tired or weak Look pale Feel faint Shortness of breath Treating the underlying cause of the anemia will help restore the number of healthy red blood cells. Women with pregnancy related anemia are helped by taking iron and folic acid supplements. Your doctor will check your iron levels throughout pregnancy to be sure anemia does not happen again.
Depression — Extreme sadness during pregnancy or after birth postpartum Intense sadness Helplessness and irritability Appetite changes Thoughts of harming self or baby Women who are pregnant might be helped with one or a combination of treatment options, including: Therapy Support groups Medicines A mother's depression can affect her baby's development, so getting treatment is important for both mother and baby.
Ectopic ek-TOP-ihk pregnancy — When a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus , usually in the fallopian tube Abdominal pain Shoulder pain Vaginal bleeding Feeling dizzy or faint With ectopic pregnancy, the egg cannot develop.
Drugs or surgery is used to remove the ectopic tissue so your organs are not damaged. Fetal problems — Unborn baby has a health issue, such as poor growth or heart problems Baby moving less than normal Learn how to count your baby's movements on our Prenatal care and tests page. If a test suggests a problem, this does not always mean the baby is in trouble.
It may only mean that the mother needs special care until the baby is delivered. This can include a wide variety of things, such as bed rest, depending on the mother's condition. Sometimes, the baby has to be delivered early. Gestational diabetes — Too high blood sugar levels during pregnancy Usually, there are no symptoms. Doing so is important because poorly controlled diabetes increases the risk of: Preeclampsia Early delivery Cesearean birth Having a big baby, which can complicate delivery Baby born with low blood sugar, breathing problems, and jaundice High blood pressure pregnancy related — High blood pressure that starts after 20 weeks of pregnancy and goes away after birth High blood pressure without other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia The health of the mother and baby are closely watched to make sure high blood pressure is not preeclampsia.
Sometimes, medicines are prescribed to help nausea. Many women with HG have to be hospitalized so they can be fed fluids and nutrients through a tube in their veins. Usually, women with HG begin to feel better by the 20th week of pregnancy. But some women vomit and feel nauseated throughout all three trimesters.
Miscarriage — Pregnancy loss from natural causes before 20 weeks. As many as 20 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Sometimes, a woman must undergo treatment to remove pregnancy tissue in the uterus. Counseling can help with emotional healing. See our section on Pregnancy loss. Placenta previa — Placenta covers part or entire opening of cervix inside of the uterus Painless vaginal bleeding during second or third trimester For some, no symptoms If diagnosed after the 20th week of pregnancy, but with no bleeding, a woman will need to cut back on her activity level and increase bed rest.
If bleeding is heavy, hospitalization may be needed until mother and baby are stable. If the bleeding stops or is light, continued bed rest is resumed until baby is ready for delivery.
If bleeding doesn't stop or if preterm labor starts, baby will be delivered by cesarean section. Placental abruption — Placenta separates from uterine wall before delivery, which can mean the fetus doesn't get enough oxygen. Vaginal bleeding Cramping, abdominal pain, and uterine tenderness When the separation is minor, bed rest for a few days usually stops the bleeding. Moderate cases may require complete bed rest. Preeclampsia pree-ee-CLAMP-see-uh — A condition starting after 20 weeks of pregnancy that causes high blood pressure and problems with the kidneys and other organs.
Also called toxemia. High blood pressure Swelling of hands and face Too much protein in urine Stomach pain Blurred vision Dizziness Headaches The only cure is delivery, which may not be best for the baby. Labor will probably be induced if condition is mild and the woman is near term 37 to 40 weeks of pregnancy.
If it is too early to deliver, the doctor will watch the health of the mother and her baby very closely. She may need medicines and bed rest at home or in the hospital to lower her blood pressure. Medicines also might be used to prevent the mother from having seizures. Preterm labor — Going into labor before 37 weeks of pregnancy Increased vaginal discharge Pelvic pressure and cramping Back pain radiating to the abdomen Contractions Medicines can stop labor from progressing.
Bed rest is often advised. Sometimes, a woman must deliver early. Giving birth before 37 weeks is called "preterm birth. Infections during pregnancy. Infections during pregnancy Infection Symptoms Prevention and treatment Bacterial vaginosis BV A vaginal infection that is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria normally found in the vagina.
Grey or whitish discharge that has a foul, fishy odor Burning when passing urine or itching Some women have no symptoms How to prevent BV is unclear. Women with symptoms should be tested for BV. Mild illness that may include fever, sore throat, fatigue, and swollen glands Some women have no symptoms Good hygiene is the best way to keep from getting CMV.
No symptoms You can keep from passing GBS to your baby by getting tested at 35 to 37 weeks. There may be no symptoms. Or symptoms can include: Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea Dark urine and pale bowel movements Whites of eyes or skin looks yellow Lab tests can find out if the mother is a carrier of hepatitis B.
Listeriosis lih-steer-ee-OH-suhss An infection with the harmful bacteria called listeria. Fever, muscle aches, chills Sometimes diarrhea or nausea If progresses, severe headache and stiff neck Avoid foods that can harbor listeria.
Low-grade fever Tiredness Rash on face, trunk, and limbs Painful and swollen joints No specific treatment, except for blood transfusions that might be needed for people who have problems with their immune systems or with red blood cell disorders. There is no vaccine to help prevent infection with this virus. Symptoms depend on the STI. Often, a woman has no symptoms, which is why screening for STIs during pregnancy is so important.
Toxoplasmosis TOK-soh-plaz-MOH-suhss This infection is caused by a parasite, which is found in cat feces, soil, and raw or undercooked meat. Mild flu-like symptoms, or possibly no symptoms. You can lower your risk by: Washing hands with soap after touching soil or raw meat Washing produce before eating Cooking meat completely Washing cooking utensils with hot, soapy water Not cleaning cats' litter boxes Medicines are used to treat a pregnant woman and her unborn baby.
Urinary tract infection UTI Bacterial infection in urinary tract. Pain or burning when urinating Frequent urination Pelvis, back, stomach, or side pain Shaking, chills, fever, sweats UTIs are treated with antibiotics. Yeast infection An infection caused by an overgrowth of bacteria normally found in the vagina.
When to call the doctor. Call your doctor or midwife as soon as you can if you: Are bleeding or leaking fluid from the vagina Have sudden or severe swelling in the face, hands, or fingers Get severe or long-lasting headaches Have discomfort, pain, or cramping in the lower abdomen Have a fever or chills Are vomiting or have persistent nausea Feel discomfort, pain, or burning with urination Have problems seeing or blurred vision Feel dizzy Suspect your baby is moving less than normal after 28 weeks of pregnancy If you count less than 10 movements within two hours.
Learn how to count your baby's movements on our Prenatal care and tests page. Have thoughts of harming yourself or your baby. Pregnancy complications Complications of pregnancy are health problems that occur during pregnancy. Health problems before pregnancy Before pregnancy, make sure to talk to your doctor about health problems you have now or have had in the past.
Uterine fibroids fact sheet Pregnancy related problems Sometimes pregnancy problems arise — even in healthy women. Infections during pregnancy During pregnancy, your baby is protected from many illnesses, like the common cold or a passing stomach bug.
When to call the doctor When you are pregnant, don't wait to call your doctor or midwife if something is bothering or worrying you. Have thoughts of harming yourself or your baby This content is provided by the Office on Women's Health. Find Help Get breastfeeding help Get health care Get health insurance Get help with family planning Get help with mental health Get vaccines Find girls' health information.
About Us. Who we are What we do Work with us Our vision and mission. Programs and Activities. Popular Topics. Find Help. Get breastfeeding help Get health care Get health insurance Get help with family planning Get help with mental health Get vaccines Find girls' health information. Stay Connected. Subscribe to receive OWH updates Submit. Poorly controlled asthma may increase risk of preeclampsia , poor weight gain in the fetus, preterm birth , cesarean birth , and other complications.
Lung diseases fact sheet. Depression that persists during pregnancy can make it hard for a woman to care for herself and her unborn baby. Depression fact sheet Depression during and after pregnancy fact sheet. High blood glucose sugar levels during pregnancy can harm the fetus and worsen a woman's long-term diabetes complications. Diabetes fact sheet. Eating disorders. Body image changes during pregnancy can cause eating disorders to worsen. Anorexia nervosa fact sheet Bulimia nervosa fact sheet.
Epilepsy and other seizure disorders. Seizures during pregnancy can harm the fetus, and increase the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth. About Epilepsy. Having chronic high blood pressure puts a pregnant woman and her baby at risk for problems. HIV can be passed from a woman to her baby during pregnancy or delivery.
Migraine symptoms tend to improve during pregnancy. Migraine fact sheet. Recent studies suggest that the heavier a woman is before she becomes pregnant, the greater her risk of a range of pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia and preterm delivery. Overweight, obesity, and weight loss fact sheet. Some STIs can cause early labor, a woman's water to break too early, and infection in the uterus after birth. Sexually transmitted infections fact sheet.
Uncontrolled hyperthyroidism overactive thyroid can be dangerous to the mother and cause health problems such as heart failure and poor weight gain in the fetus. Graves' disease fact sheet Hashimoto's disease fact sheet. Uterine fibroids are not uncommon, but few cause symptoms that require treatment. Anemia — Lower than normal number of healthy red blood cells. Feel tired or weak Look pale Feel faint Shortness of breath. Treating the underlying cause of the anemia will help restore the number of healthy red blood cells.
Depression — Extreme sadness during pregnancy or after birth postpartum. Intense sadness Helplessness and irritability Appetite changes Thoughts of harming self or baby. Women who are pregnant might be helped with one or a combination of treatment options, including: Therapy Support groups Medicines A mother's depression can affect her baby's development, so getting treatment is important for both mother and baby.
Ectopic ek-TOP-ihk pregnancy — When a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus , usually in the fallopian tube. Abdominal pain Shoulder pain Vaginal bleeding Feeling dizzy or faint. With ectopic pregnancy, the egg cannot develop.
Fetal problems — Unborn baby has a health issue, such as poor growth or heart problems. Baby moving less than normal Learn how to count your baby's movements on our Prenatal care and tests page.
Baby is smaller than normal for gestational age Some problems have no symptoms, but are found with prenatal tests.
Gestational diabetes — Too high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Usually, there are no symptoms. Sometimes, extreme thirst, hunger, or fatigue Screening test shows high blood sugar levels. Doing so is important because poorly controlled diabetes increases the risk of: Preeclampsia Early delivery Cesearean birth Having a big baby, which can complicate delivery Baby born with low blood sugar, breathing problems, and jaundice.
High blood pressure pregnancy related — High blood pressure that starts after 20 weeks of pregnancy and goes away after birth.
High blood pressure without other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia. The health of the mother and baby are closely watched to make sure high blood pressure is not preeclampsia. Nausea that does not go away Vomiting several times every day Weight loss Reduced appetite Dehydration Feeling faint or fainting.
Dry, bland foods and fluids together is the first line of treatment. Often, miscarriage occurs before a woman even knows she is pregnant. Placenta previa — Placenta covers part or entire opening of cervix inside of the uterus.
Teen pregnancy is very complex and need to be understood from a lot of different aspects. Also, we can check a huge amount of teen pregnancy essays, as people are concerned about this topic, they are willing to write about it and even sell their essays online later. Thus, the amount of information and sources is enough to get general knowledge on this topic.
The rate of teen pregnancy goes higher and higher every year, especially in developing countries. Here it goes, the first main problem of teenage pregnancy is, of course, medical reasons. Teen parents have very high medical risks and should be very careful. Prenatal care is very important and should be delivered regularly and adequately.
Not getting sufficient prenatal care can lead to premature birth, high blood pressure, low-birth-weight baby. Folic acid is critically important for the future mother, ideally it should be taken before pregnancy, that will help a child to develop supposedly well and will help to prevent possible defects.
The second and not less important is financial security. Teenage family may face financial problems connected with medical care, living conditions, employment issues and so on. Financial support of medical care is on the top, as it refers to two people, a mother and a child.
Mother should be provided with sufficient amount of appropriate food, vitamins, medical treatment if needed and, of course, regular check-ups in order to prevent probable difficulties. Health insurance might help here in order to be always protected and safe from any risks.
Undoubtedly, medical insurance is impossible without money. After giving a birth, child should be provided with comfortable, warm and safe living conditions with extremely high level of hygiene. As we know environment has an influence on us since our birth and we carry this memory during our life. To provide for his family, teen father needs to find a job.
The only thing they need is support and understanding, no matter what. This is the only way, kids can grow up healthily both physically and psychologically. Giving a birth in the age of 15 or 16 is very hard, because parents are still children themselves and they need support and a big push from their own parents to move on. What does it include? Feeling of abandonment and loneliness can have an influence as on the mother of the child so on the unborn.
Memories that children had in a womb, will follow them during their lives: consciously or unconsciously.
Common health problems in pregnancy - NHS
Your body has a great deal to do during pregnancy. Sometimes the changes taking place will cause irritation or discomfort, and on occasions they may seem quite alarming.
There is rarely any need for alarm but you should mention anything that is worrying you to your maternity team. Morning sickness or nausea with or without vomiting is a common symptom of early pregnancy that is caused by changes in hormones.
There are several things you can do to help prevent backache from happening during your pregnancy, and to help you cope with an aching back if it does occur.
During pregnancy, many women experience some rather unpleasant conditions. Maintaining a healthy diet and doing regular exercise can help make life a little easier.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can make your hair thicker or thinner. Learn about these changes and whether you can dye hair while pregnant. Feeling tired, a bit faint and hotter than usual is quite common during pregnancy, and its all down to your hormones. Find out what can help improve some of the symptoms. Leg cramps are a normal but sometimes uncomfortable part of your pregnancy. Find out how to treat and help prevent leg cramps. Swollen ankles and feet are very common during pregnancy.
Find out how you can help relieve some of the discomfort and know whether any symptoms are serious. Varicose veins are a normal, but uncomfortable part of pregnancy and usually go away without treatment. Find out here how you can ease the discomfort. Last reviewed:. This information is for your general information and use only and is not intended to be used as medical advice and should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any medical condition, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes.
The information is not a substitute for independent professional advice and should not be used as an alternative to professional health care. If you have a particular medical problem, please consult a healthcare professional.
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Find out how to recognise, avoid and treat indigestion and heartburn during your pregnancy.