Vologda lace has won deserved fame and world-wide recognition for its high artistic value, rich ornament, and excellent workmanship. The earliest laces, which have reached us, date back to the 17th century. Vologda lace is a kind of Russian lace tatted with bobbins. Continuous smooth line, which never crosses and forms a pattern of Vologda lace, is a woven braid 'vilushka' over a thin openwork grid. It was that time when lace-makers began to tat lace patterns in the form of wonderful stars and snowflakes.
Though the process of weaving looks like 'a sort of fun it requires extreme patience, accuracy and good taste. But the majority of lace makers was represented by inhabitants of garrets and basements. December Vologda lace [show] for important Vologda lace instructions. Genoese Bedfordshire Cluny Maltese Yak lace. A lace trade in Vologda region reached its prosperity in Voloogda 2nd half of Pastry mat silicone 19th century. Along with the designer's patterns a thick stratum of real folk art existed. Fairy Tales. It was that time when lace-makers began to tat lace patterns in the form Volgoda wonderful stars and snowflakes.
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The fortress was surrounded by a moat. During the reign of Tsar Ivan the TerribleVologda became one of the major transit centers of Russia's trade. Vologda is a Vologda lace to:. From there Vasily traveled to the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery where the hegumen released Latino heritage parade from the oath. According to the same decision, districts of former Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast were attached to Vologda Oblast. A major construction initiative was carried out, and, in particular, the first buildings higher than five floors were constructed. InVologda lace was visited by the English seafarer Richard Chancellor who officially established diplomatic relations between the Tsardom of Russia and England. Retrieved June 2, Vologda lace is a kind of Russian lace tatted with bobbins. VMZ "Olimp".
It has been a handicraft in Russia for over years, made in different regions — Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod, and Yelets.
- Vologda lace is a unique type of decoration in the Russian folk art that impresses with the richness and variety of its lines, ornaments, and patterns.
- The city serves as a major transport hub of the Northwest of Russia.
Vologda lace has won deserved fame and world-wide recognition for its high artistic value, rich ornament, and excellent workmanship. The earliest laces, which have reached us, date back to the 17th century.
Vologda lace is a kind of Russian lace tatted with bobbins. Continuous smooth line, which never crosses and forms a pattern of Vologda lace, is a woven braid 'vilushka' over a thin openwork grid. It was that time when lace-makers began to tat lace patterns in the form of wonderful stars and snowflakes. Vologda lace reminds of hoarfrost on winter glass, which will disappear under the first rays of the March sun.
It looks like a thin spider line, which will be torn by a waft of wind. They are like symbols of something innocent and momentary. At the beginning of the 20th century Vologda lace gained its distinctive artistic and stylistic features. The richness and variety of the decorative pattern, the clear-cut easy line of the design, monumentality of forms and predominance of floral motives distinguish traditional Vologda lace. At the World Fair in Paris in the Vologda Lace Association was awarded a prize for the novelty and artistry of its lace articles; at the Brussels Exhibition in Vologda lace was awarded Gold Medal.
The present development of lace weaving in Vologda and in Russia is above all associated with the "Snezhinka" lace firm. The firm employs lace-makers and professional designers. Lace is woven by hand with the help of bobbins. Like a few centuries ago, it represents the glory of Russian lace, its impeccable quality and style. Lace products are in great demand both in Russia and abroad. The product range is very wide: elegant panels, napkins and tablecloths made of both bone-lace and hook lace and finest hand-made dresses — light pelerines, cardigans, capes, scarves, blouses and jackets.
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They were inspired by nature, therefore they tried to reflect it in their works. Yury Sapozhnikov . Needlewomen depicted parachutes, Kremlin stars, the Lenin Mausoleum, and the achievements of the Soviet agro-industrial complex. The population of the city and the oblast consists mainly of ethnic Russians. Vologda is one of the best preserved big cities of Russia combining traditional wooden architecture and stone monuments. Peter the Great visited Vologda on no less than ten occasions, on six of which in , , , , , and he stayed in the city for extended time.
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The unique position of Vologda on important waterways connecting Moscow, Novgorod, and the White Sea via the Northern Dvina made it attractive for the Novgorod Republic , as well as for the princes of Tver and Moscow , who fought numerous wars between the 13th and the 15th centuries.
Dmitry Donskoy , the Grand Prince of Moscow, was the chief benefactor of the monastery and viewed it as a stronghold of the influence of the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the Northern lands in competition with Novgorod. Subsequently, the city was several times attacked by Novgorod forces. During the Muscovite Civil War , Vologda played a key role. From there Vasily traveled to the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery where the hegumen released him from the oath. The civil war continued, and in , Vologda was besieged by the troops of Dmitry Shemyaka ; however, they did not manage to occupy the town.
After the death of Vasily in , Vologda passed to the possession of his son Andrey Menshoy and became the center of the Principality of Vologda. During the reign of Tsar Ivan the Terrible , Vologda became one of the major transit centers of Russia's trade. Arkhangelsk was the major foreign trade haven, and Vologda stood on the waterway connecting Moscow with Arkhangelsk. The trade with Siberia was conducted via the Sukhona and the Vychegda Rivers , and Vologda also played an important role as a transit center.
The state courtyard was built in the city on the bank of the Vologda River. In , Vologda was visited by the English seafarer Richard Chancellor who officially established diplomatic relations between the Tsardom of Russia and England. In , trading agent John Gass described Vologda to English merchants as a city with an abundance of bread where the goods were twice as cheap as in Moscow and Novgorod , and that there was no city in Russia that would not trade with Vologda. Following the reports of John Gass, in England opened a trading office in the city, and the first Russian ambassador sent to England for negotiations became Osip Nepeya , a native of Vologda.
In , Ivan the Terrible introduced the policy of Oprichnina and included Vologda into the structure of Oprichnina lands. That year, he visited the city for the first time and decided to make it the center of Oprichnina and consequently the capital of the country. The Tsar ordered to build a new fortress. It was decided to build it not in the former town center, but rather in another part of the town, limited on the one side by the river, and on the other side by what are now Leningradskaya, Oktyabrskaya, and Mira Streets.
The fortress was surrounded by a moat. Therefore, the territory of the fortress located in the new part of Vologda was named the "Nason-gorod" Nason-town. The other name of the Nason-gorod was the Vologda Kremlin currently the name is sometimes referred only to the Bishop's courtyard. Between and , a new cathedral was built in the new fortress. The Saint Sophia Cathedral became the first stone building in Vologda.
The design of the cathedral copied the Dormition Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. This was the idea of Ivan the Terrible who wanted to make his new capital similar to Moscow. He personally supervised the construction, headed by the architect Razmysl Petrov. In , Vologda became the center of the Diocese of Vologda and Perm that was formed in and previously had its main church in the distant settlement of Ust-Vym in Perm lands.
Thereby, Vologda was strengthened not only in trading, military and political influence, but also in ecclesiastical affairs.
However, in Ivan the Terrible unexpectedly stopped the construction work in Vologda and left the city for good. Presumably, this was connected with his decision to abolish Oprichnina, and Vologda was not needed as the second capital any longer. According to the legend, when Ivan visited the Saint Sophia Cathedral, a little stone fell from the roof on his head. The superstitious Tsar who received a serious head injury took it as an sign of misfortune and decided to leave the city.
In any case, it is known that the Tsar wanted even to demolish the cathedral, and that the cathedral was never consecrated during his lifetime. Parts of the incomplete fortress which were later in the 17th century strengthened with wooden walls stayed up to the 19th century when they were disassembled by the city authorities and local residents and used as a material for stone building.
The Time of Troubles for Vologda began with a plague epidemic in By gaining Vologda not only did he get control over Russian and English trading warehouses, but he also positioned himself to gain control over northern Russia. However, abuses and property seizures by the new administration sent to Vologda caused extreme discontent among the population. In , people of Vologda rendered sizable food and military help to the home guard organized by Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky , which eventually defeated Polish troops.
After , Vologda quickly recovered due to its convenient location and once again became an important center of foreign trade. During the reign of Peter the Great , Vologda became one of the main military bases of Russia. Military and technical equipment for fortresses and military ships under construction was stored there. Vessels which delivered food supplies to Arkhangelsk were constructed in Vologda. However, after personally inspecting the lake in , he abandoned the idea deciding that the lake is improper for that purpose.
Peter the Great visited Vologda on no less than ten occasions, on six of which in , , , , , and he stayed in the city for extended time. He always stayed in a small house of the Dutch merchant Goutman, which in was bought by the city authorities, and in was transformed into the memorial museum of Peter the Great and became the first museum of Vologda.
However, after St. Petersburg was founded and foreign trade was rerouted to the Baltic Sea , the importance of Vologda as a center of foreign trade decayed. In , Peter issued the decree restricting trade through Arkhangelsk , which damaged Vologda even further.
In the course of the administrative reform carried out in , Vologda lost its functions as an administrative center and was included as a town of Archangelgorod Governorate. The revival began only during the reign of Catherine the Great who in made Vologda the center of Vologda Viceroyalty , a successor of Archangelgorod Governorate. In , the viceroyalty, administered by a governor-general, was transformed into Vologda Governorate , the borders of which stretched up to the Ural mountains in the east.
The center of Vologda was rebuilt according to the plan of a provincial city issued in The street network is still in use now. A new economic lifting of the city was connected with a steamship movement across the Sukhona River and with the building of a new railroad line connecting Vologda with Yaroslavl and Moscow , with Arkhangelsk , with St. Petersburg and Vyatka In , the Danish merchant Friedrich Buman opened a specialized butter factory in the manor of Fominskoye, 13 kilometers 8.
It was the first butter factory both in Vologda Governorate and in Russia. Since then Vologda became the center of the butter industry, and the Vologda butter , a special type of butter with the taste of nuts invented by Nikolay Vereschagin and Buman, became a world trademark.
In , the manor of Fominskoye together with the Buman's creamery was given to the state and became the base for the Vologda dairy institute. Thereby Vologda turned to one of the largest dairy centers of Russia. Since the 15th century, Vologda was a political exile destination and was even known as "Siberia close to the capital". Anatoly Lunacharsky chose to go there to join Bogdanov, and to marry Anna Alexandrovna Malinovskaya, Bogdanov's sister. Soviet power was established in Vologda in December , and up to the summer of co-existed with the zemstvo and municipal administration.
In February , Vologda became the "diplomatic capital of Russia" for several months. Francis , relocated them to Vologda. In , the Vologda Governorate was abolished and included into the structure of a new formation, Northern Krai , which also included former Arkhangelsk and Northern Dvina Governorates , as well as the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast. The administrative center of Northern Krai was located in Arkhangelsk. According to the same decision, districts of former Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast were attached to Vologda Oblast.
These districts currently make for the western part of Vologda Oblast. Thereby the current borders of Vologda Oblast were determined. In the s, a flax factory, a coach-repair factory, and a sawmill, "Northern Communard," were constructed. During World War II , martial law was declared in Vologda, and its industrial enterprises shifted to military production. In the fall of , Finnish troops crossed the borders of Vologda Oblast, and Vologda thus became a front city.
The inhabitants were mobilized to dig trenches. In the city, bomb-proof shelters and elementary shelters were under construction, systems of air defense which protected the railway junction and the military-industrial enterprises were developed. As a result, though attempts of bombardments were numerous, no bombs fell on the city. To commemorate these events, a monument to the air defense forces was later erected on Zosimovskaya Street in Vologda.
The monument has the shape of an anti-aircraft gun. In addition, Vologda was a railway hub used to supply the army and to evacuate equipment. It also served as a large hospital center. Residents of Vologda donated blood, money, and jewellery. The tank detachment "Vologda Collective Farmer" was funded by these donations.
To commemorate these events the monument to the tank T was built on Mira Street. During this period, notable changes in many aspects of economy both of the city and of the oblast occurred. In particular, a bearing plant, a mechanical plant, and an optical-mechanical factory were built in Vologda.
A polytechnical university was opened. A large-scale poultry farm was established. A major construction initiative was carried out, and, in particular, the first buildings higher than five floors were constructed. The city expanded, with new residential areas built; in particular, Byvalovo, GPZ, the 5th and the 6th Microdistricts. In , the Vologda trolleybus system opened.
In November , the city administration was formed and the reform of local governments began. In October , the Soviets of People's Deputies of all levels were abolished. In recent decades, many people are getting increasingly interested in the lace craft. In Vologda, there is a museum where you can enjoy the unique lace items.
There is a large number of workshops both live and on the Internet for those who would like to try lace-making. Vologda lace making is a meticulous job. However, there are many types of weaving, and you can try any of them. Vologda craft got a broad fame in Russia and abroad. Vologda lace can be called unique; they attract lots of tourists to Vologda, and the works of Vologda lace designers and makers have won prizes at many European exhibitions.
Your email address will not be published. Design by LatInSoft. Subscribe for updates! Origins According to historical sources, the creation of Vologda lace as a home handicraft can be dated back to the 17th century.
Patterns of Vologda lace Lace-makers often used motifs from nature, or various floral designs. There are also such patterns as: Farforiki Spider Kosoryadka Mill Path Turtle Fish Bur Vologda lace today In recent decades, many people are getting increasingly interested in the lace craft.
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Russian handicrafts: Why Vologda lace is back in style - Russia Beyond
Russian lace is a bobbin tape lace. The tape is made with bobbins at the same time as the rest of the lace, curving back on itself, and joined using a crochet hook. It was made in Russia, but similar laces made elsewhere are also called Russian lace. The designs of Russian lace are of abstract form. The narrow tapes or trails follow a maze-like path through deep scallops to merge again and wander into the next.
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