Back to Health A to Z. Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. It's usually caused by an infection. The term non-gonococcal urethritis NGU is used when the condition isn't caused by the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhoea. Two tests can be used to diagnose NGU, and both may be carried out to ensure the diagnosis is correct.
This allows them to start you on treatment as soon as possible, and to let you know whether your partner Swollen urethra male to be tested and treated, too. The surgeon Swollen urethra male the skin and gives you a pain pill. For this reason, you may need to take two types of antibiotics, because many commonly used antibiotics treat only one of the two urethrs. The doctor puts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel the shape and thickness of Swo,len prostate. When medical therapy Swollen urethra male or when BPH symptoms are severe, surgery can be done to remove Swollne prostate tissue. Doctors have historically classified sexually transmitted infectious urethritis into two categories: gonococcal urethritis, caused by gonorrhea bacteria, and nongonococcal urethritis, caused by bacteria other than gonorrhea. Urethritis Medically reviewed by Drugs.
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If the abscess perforates the skin, the vagina, or the rectum, urine may flow through a newly created abnormal connection urethral fistula. Prostatic Briana banks banged insertion. What are the treatment options for urethritis? They Swollen urethra male have similar symptoms, but require different methods of treatment depending on the underlying cause of the urethritis. I know this post is old but how did you cure it? The health care provider Swollen urethra male examine you. Because of this, practicing safe sex is an important preventive measure. Women with urethritis are at risk for the following: Bladder infection cystitis Cervicitis Pelvic inflammatory disease PID -- an infection of the uterus lining, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data. Men with urethritis are at risk for the following: Bladder infection cystitis Epididymitis Infection in the testicles orchitis Prostate infection prostatitis After a severe infection, the urethra may become scarred and then narrowed.
Urethritis is the inflammation and swelling of the urethra, the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
- The urethra is a thin-walled tube that drains urine from the bladder.
- Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra, or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body, becomes inflamed and irritated.
- The tube that connects to the bladder and takes urine outside the body is called the urethra.
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Normal and Enlarged Prostate. BPH is an enlarged prostate. The first occurs early in puberty, when the prostate doubles in size. As the prostate enlarges, it presses against the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. One day, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty fully, leaving some urine in the bladder. Narrowing of the urethra and urinary retention — being unable to empty the bladder fully — cause many of the problems of BPH.
BPH is benign. This means it is not cancer. It does not cause or lead to cancer. However, BPH and cancer can happen at the same time. BPH is common. About half of all men between ages 51 and 60 have BPH. It is about the size of a walnut and weighs about an ounce. The prostate is found below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It goes all the way around a tube called the urethra , which carries urine from the bladder out through the penis. During ejaculation , sperm made in the testicles moves to the urethra.
At the same time, fluid from the prostate and the seminal vesicles also moves into the urethra. This mixture — semen — goes through the urethra and out through the penis. When the prostate is enlarged, it can bother or block the bladder. Needing to urinate often is a common symptom of BPH.
This might be every 1 to 2 hours, mainly at night. If BPH becomes severe, you might not be able to urinate at all. This is an emergency that must be treated right away.
It can lead to bladder damage and infection. It can cause blood in the urine and cause kidney damage. The causes of BPH are not well-understood. Some researchers believe that factors related to aging and the testicles may cause BPH. This is because BPH does not develop in men whose testicles were removed before puberty.
Throughout their lives, men produce both testosterone , a male hormone, and small amounts of estrogen , a female hormone. As men age, the amount of active testosterone in the blood lowers, leaving a higher share of estrogen.
Studies have suggested that BPH may happen because the higher share of estrogen in the prostate adds to the activity of substances that start prostate cells to grow.
Another theory points to dihydrotestosterone DHT , a male hormone that plays a role in prostate development and growth. Some research has shown that, even when testosterone levels in the blood start to fall, high levels of DHT still build up in the prostate.
This may push prostate cells to continue to grow. Obesity, lack of staying active, and erectile dysfunction can also increase risk. There is no sure way to stop BPH, but losing weight and eating a healthy diet that involves fruits and vegetables may help. This may relate to having too much body fat, may increase hormone levels and other factors in the blood, and stimulate the growth of prostate cells. Staying active also helps control weight and hormone levels.
See your doctor if you have symptoms that might be BPH. See your doctor right away if you have blood in your urine, pain or burning when you urinate, or if you cannot urinate. The score rates BPH from mild to severe. Your doctor will review your Symptom Score and take a medical history. You will also have a physical exam that involves a digital rectal exam DRE.
Your doctor may also want you to have some or all of these tests:. Prostate-specific antigen PSA is a protein that is made only by the prostate. When the prostate is healthy, very little PSA is found in the blood.
The test can be done in a lab, hospital, or doctor's office. No special preparation is needed. You should not ejaculate for 2 days before a PSA test. A low PSA is better for prostate health.
A rapid rise in PSA may be a sign that something is wrong. Inflammation of the prostate, or prostatitis , is another common cause of a high PSA level. Digital Rectal Exam of the Prostate. The DRE is done with the man bending over or lying curled on his side. The doctor puts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel the shape and thickness of the prostate. The DRE can help your doctor find prostate problems. There are many options for treating BPH. You and your doctor will decide together which treatment is right for you.
Sometimes a mixture of treatments works best. Mild cases of BPH may not need treatment. If you and your doctor choose this treatment option, your BPH will be closely watched but not actively treated. Diet and medicine can control your symptoms. You will have a yearly exam. If your symptoms get worse or if new symptoms appear, your doctor may suggest that you begin active treatment. Men with mild symptoms may be good candidates for this.
Men with moderate symptoms that do not bother them are also good candidates. Alpha blockers are pills that relax the muscles of the prostate and bladder.
They improve urine flow, reduce blockage of the urethra, and reduce BPH symptoms. They do not reduce the size of the prostate. Alpha-blocking drugs include alfuzosin Uroxatral , terazosin Hytrin , doxazosin Cadura , and tamsulosin Flomax.
One benefit of alpha blockers is they start to work right away. Side effects may include dizziness, lightheadedness, fatigue, and trouble ejaculating. Men with moderate to severe BPH and men who are bothered by their symptoms are good candidates. Alpha blockers are not a good choice for men who are about to have cataract surgery.
They shrink the prostate and increase urine flow. These drugs include finasteride Proscar and dutasteride Avodart. These drugs reduce the risk of BPH complications. They also make it less likely that you will need surgery. Side effects include erectile dysfunction and reduced libido sex drive.
You must keep taking the pills to prevent symptoms from coming back. In combination therapy, an alpha blocker and a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor are used together. Possible drug combinations include. A urologist may prescribe a combination of alpha blockers and drugs called antimuscarinics for patients with overactive bladder symptoms. In overactive bladder , the bladder muscles contract uncontrollably and cause urinary frequency, urinary urgency, and urinary incontinence.
Antimuscarinics are medications that relax the bladder muscles. Alpha blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibiters work better together than either drug does alone. They improve symptoms and prevent BPH from getting worse. But each drug can cause side effects.
Three consultants said that spinal anaesthesia is one of their options, and one consultant used peri-urethral infiltration. I have no other symptoms no buring while urinating or lessions or warts. Swollen urethra. Hello, I'm 31 French and that's make 18 months I have the same condition. So drinking cranberry juice is good for the juice company but not necessarily for you. Aside from safer sex practices, there are other ways to promote good urinary tract health.
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Urethral Trauma - Urology Care Foundation
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Note: Please don't include any URLs in your comments, as they will be removed upon submission. We do not store details you enter into this form. Click here to return to the Medical News Today home page. Sometimes, the urethra can become inflamed and painful. In this article, we outline the possible causes of urethra pain and provide information on treatment options. A urinary tract infection UTI can affect any part of the urinary system, which includes:. Usually, a UTI occurs when bacteria from the colon or rectum enter the urethra.
Here, they may cause inflammation as the pain in the tries to fight off the infection. Once inside the urethra, bacteria may multiply and travel up to the bladder. Doctors sometimes refer to this as bacterial cystitis.
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra. There are two types of urethritis, which are called gonococcal urethritis GU and nongonococcal urethritis NGU. The same bacteria that cause gonorrhea are responsible for GU, while NGU usually occurs due to chlamydia.
Other causes of NGU include:. Antibiotics are the standard treatment for bacterial causes of urethritis. If the underlying cause is a sexually transmitted infection , people should avoid having sex until they and any affected partners have completed antibiotic treatment.
Doctors will advise people with urethral syndrome to avoid suspected irritants. Treatment options may include pain-relieving medications and antispasmodics to reduce bladder spasms. A urethral stricture is a narrowing of the urethra, which can restrict urine flow from the bladder. It usually involves scar tissue formation, which typically occurs due to an infection, other inflammation, or injury. A doctor may carry out tests, such as urine flow testing and ultrasound imaging, to determine the position and severity of the stricture.
For minor strictures, a doctor may suggest a wait-and-see approach. For moderate or severe cases, they may recommend a surgical technique called dilation, which involves stretching the area of stricture. Obstructive uropathy is a condition in which urine is unable to flow through the urinary tract due to a blockage in part of the urinary system. This blockage causes urine to flow backward through the system, possibly damaging one or both kidneys.
When a person's urine contains too little water and excess waste, the waste products can clump together to form kidney stones. A very small kidney stone may move through the urinary tract without causing symptoms, but larger kidney stones can cause:. The best treatment for a kidney stone depends on several factors, including its size, the severity of symptoms, and whether it is blocking the urinary tract. A doctor may request blood, urine, and imaging tests to determine the best course of treatment.
If the stones are small, a doctor may advise taking a pain-relieving medication and drinking plenty of fluids to dilute the urine and flush the stones out. Pelvic inflammatory disease PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs. PID occurs when a bacterial infection that starts in the vagina or cervix moves up into the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. PID can cause scarring of the reproductive organs. Without treatment, it may cause long-term problems, including infertility , ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain.
A doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics for PID. In some cases, a person may need surgery to remove abscesses resulting from the infection. Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland, which is a male reproductive organ that sits underneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra. The prostate gland produces a fluid that contributes to semen. Acute prostatitis may result from a bacterial infection that initially developed in the bladder or urethra.
Symptoms include:. The epididymis is a coiled tube within the testicle where the sperm mature. Epididymitis is inflammation of this tube with subsequent swelling and pain.
It may feel like or lead to urethra pain. A vaginal yeast infection occurs due to an overgrowth of the natural fungus called Candida.
The main symptom is intense itching or burning in and around the vagina. People can usually treat a vaginal yeast infection at home using over-the-counter antifungal medications. These are available as tablets, creams, ointments, and vaginal suppositories. A doctor may prescribe a stronger antifungal medication, such as fluconazole, for persistent or recurrent infections. Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina due to irritants, infection, or a hormonal deficiency. However, it is also common for people with vaginitis to develop a UTI and pain in the urethra.
Vaginitis is not usually a serious health concern, but it is important to see a doctor to get treatment. Bladder cancer can cause various urinary problems, including urethra pain. The first sign of bladder cancer is usually blood in the urine. Treatment options may include:. Another type of cancer that may cause urethral pain is transitional cell cancer TCC , which is a cancer of the transitional cells that line the length of the urinary tract, including the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, and urethra.
Treatment depends on many factors, which include:. There are many different causes of urethra pain. People who experience persistent or worsening urethra pain should visit a doctor to get a thorough diagnosis.
Article last reviewed by Mon 4 March All references are available in the References tab. Bladder cancer signs and symptoms. Bladder cancer surgery. Bladder infection urinary tract infection — UTI in adults.
Diseases characterized by urethritis and cervicitis. How do I get checked and treated for vaginitis? Kidney infection. Kidney stones. Maserejian, N. Intakes of vitamins and minerals in relation to urinary incontinence, voiding, and storage symptoms in women: A cross-sectional analysis from the Boston Area Community Health survey. Moi, H. Management of non-gonococcal urethritis.
Obstructive uropathy. Pelvic inflammatory disease PID. Phillip, H. Enigma of urethral pain syndrome: Why are there so many ascribed etiologies and therapeutic approaches?
Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate. Treating bladder cancer. Urethral stricture. Urinary tract infections UTIs. Vaginal yeast infections. What are epididymitis and orchitis? What are the symptoms of different vaginal infections? What are the symptoms of kidney stones? MLA Lillis, Charlotte. MediLexicon, Intl. APA Lillis, C. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
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