Sore throats are very common and usually nothing to worry about. They normally get better within a week. The cause of a sore throat isn't always obvious. A sore throat is often just one symptom of a bacterial or viral infection, such as the common cold. These include:.
Use a few spritzes of a fhroats containing a combination of echinacea and sage. Cure for sore throats with warm salt water can help soothe a sore throat and break throqts secretions. About this Blog Get information on a variety of health conditions, disease prevention, and our services and programs. However, the body will need nutrients to help it heal. Acetaminophen Actin, Tylenol is a good Cure for sore throats, although it has only pain-relieving, not anti-inflammatory, properties. Revised Sep 16, The bacterium or virus that causes a sore throat is usually caught from someone else who is already Beauty nymphs tgp.
Hunting licenses for teens. How do I know if my sore throat is caused by bacteria?
Marshmallow root. Try to avoid spicy or acidic foods, and stay away from chemical fumes or smoke that could cause inflammation. Adding garlic to it may provide additional Cure for sore throats. Some animal research shows it may cause a drop in blood sugar spre. Over-the-counter options like lozenges or numbing sprays can also provide relief. It has been used to treat many inflammatory conditions, and controlled studies suggest it can help relieve throat pain 234. When used too much, OTC nasal decongestants can lead to a complication throaats rhinitis medicamentosa RMalso known as rebound rhinitis. The use of probiotics resulted in a reduction of upper respiratory tract infections. Ibuprofen can help put a stop to the coughing and throat-clearing that prevents your sore throat from Snl stuffed pants, Dr. Cure for sore throats throats are common, but they can make it difficult to eat yhroats drink. The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health suggests that pregnant women avoid fenugreek. Animal studies suggest that it may help fight infection, soree inflammation and relieve pain 10 Just be sure to steer clear of citrus flavors which can trigger acid reflux and in turn, worsen your symptoms.
Health and Wellness.
- A sore throat can be very uncomfortable.
- Some sore throats can be due to a bacterial infection, or strep throat, and some are viral infections.
- A sore throat refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat.
- This article was medically reviewed by Raj Dasgupta, MD, an assistant professor of clinical medicine and a member of the Prevention Medical Review Board , on July 31,
A sore throat refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat. Throat pain is the primary symptom of a sore throat. It may get worse when you try to swallow, and you may have difficulty swallowing food and liquids.
Fortunately, you can use at-home remedies to soothe the pain and irritation. Honey mixed in tea or taken on its own is a common household remedy for a sore throat. Other research shows that honey is an effective wound healer, which means it may help speed healing for sore throats.
Shop for honey. Gargling with warm salt water can help soothe a sore throat and break down secretions. Make a saltwater solution with a half-teaspoon of salt in a full glass of warm water.
Gargle it to help reduce swelling and keep the throat clean. This should be done every three hours or so. Chamomile tea is naturally soothing. It has long been used for medicinal purposes, like soothing a sore throat.
Some study reviews have shown that inhaling chamomile steam can help relieve symptoms of a cold, including a sore throat. Drinking chamomile tea can offer the same benefit. It can also stimulate the immune system to help your body fight off the infection that caused your sore throat in the first place. Shop for chamomile tea. Peppermint is known for its ability to freshen breath. Diluted peppermint oil sprays may also relieve sore throats. Peppermint contains menthol , which helps thin mucus and calm sore throats and coughs.
Peppermint also has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antiviral properties, which may encourage healing. Never use essential oils without mixing them with a carrier oil such as olive oil, sweet almond oil, or softened coconut oil. For peppermint oil, mix five drops of the essential oil with one ounce of the carrier oil of your choice.
Never ingest essential oils. Shop for peppermint oil. Gargling this solution can kill bacteria and prevent the growth of yeast and fungi. They recommend using the rinse every three hours as needed. Shop for baking soda. Fenugreek has many health benefits. It also has many forms. You can eat fenugreek seeds , use the topical oil , or drink fenugreek tea. Fenugreek tea is a natural remedy for sore throats. Research demonstrates the healing powers of fenugreek.
It can relieve pain and kill bacteria that cause irritation or inflammation. Fenugreek is also an effective antifungal. The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health suggests that pregnant women avoid fenugreek. Marshmallow root contains a mucus-like substance that coats and soothes a sore throat. Simply add some of the dried root to a cup of boiling water to make tea. Sipping the tea two to three times a day may help ease throat pain. People with diabetes should talk to a doctor before taking marshmallow root.
Some animal research shows it may cause a drop in blood sugar level. Shop for marshmallow root. Licorice root has long been used to treat sore throats.
However, pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid this remedy, according to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Shop for licorice root. Like marshmallow root, slippery elm has a mucus-like substance in it. When mixed with water, it forms a slick gel that coats and soothes the throat. To use, pour boiling water over powdered bark, stir, and drink. You may also find that slippery elm lozenges help. According to the U. National Library of Medicine , it may decrease the absorption of other medication you take.
Shop for slippery elm. Apple cider vinegar ACV has many natural antibacterial uses. Numerous studies show its antimicrobial effects in fighting infections. Because of its acidic nature, it can be used to help break down mucus in the throat and stop bacteria from spreading.
If you sense a sore throat coming on, try diluting 1 to 2 tablespoons of ACV in one cup of water and gargle with it. Then take a small sip of the mixture, and repeat the whole process one to two times per hour. Make sure to drink lots of water in between the gargling sessions.
It is best to first consult your doctor or healthcare practitioner. Shop for apple cider vinegar. Garlic also has natural antibacterial properties. It contains allicin, an organosulfer compound known for its ability to fight off infections.
Studies have shown that taking a garlic supplement on a regular basis can help prevent the common cold virus. Adding fresh garlic to your diet is also a way of gaining its antimicrobial properties. Your grandmother might have told you to suck on a clove of garlic to sooth a sore throat.
Because garlic has many healing actions, you might try this, though you may want to brush your teeth afterward to protect your teeth from enzymes and improve your breath. Often used as a pain reliever, cayenne pepper contains capsaicin, a natural compound known for blocking pain receptors. Although not scientifically proven, ingesting cayenne mixed with warm water and honey can help with pain relief for sore throats. Remember that an initial burning sensation is common. Cayenne should not be taken if you have open sores in your mouth.
Start with just a few drops of hot sauce or a light sprinkle of cayenne, as both can be very hot. Still, treating sore throats may be different for infants and children.
Here are a few tips and remedies:. To prevent sore throat, stay away from people who are sick with an infectious illness like the flu or strep throat. Wash your hands frequently. Try to avoid spicy or acidic foods, and stay away from chemical fumes or smoke that could cause inflammation. Acetaminophen can be effective for sore throat, and it can be given to young children.
Over-the-counter options like lozenges or numbing sprays can also provide relief. Herbs and supplements are not monitored by the U. Also, the batches may be different from container to container. Lack of regulation means that each supplement might give you a different medicinal dose. Be careful using these remedies, and be sure to buy from a reputable source.
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You can also make homemade throat lozenges with some of the herbs listed in this article. Salt water gargle. Chamomile tea. A sore throat occurs as part of your body's immune response to viral or bacterial infections. However, it shouldn't be given to children under the age of one because their guts haven't had a chance to acquire healthy bacteria that can fight off germs, such as botulism spores, that are sometimes found in honey. Foods to eat and drink when you have a sore throat Sore throats are common, but they can make it difficult to eat and drink. Licorice root has long been used to treat sore throats.
Cure for sore throats. Take home message
12 Natural Remedies for Sore Throats
In many cases, doctors use a simple test to detect streptococcal bacteria, the cause of strep throat. The doctor rubs a sterile swab over the back of the throat to get a sample of secretions and sends the sample to a lab for testing. Many clinics are equipped with a lab that can get a test result for a rapid antigen test within a few minutes.
Rapid antigen tests aren't as sensitive, although they can detect strep bacteria quickly. Because of this, the doctor may send a throat culture to a lab to test for strep throat if the antigen test comes back negative.
In some cases, doctors may use a molecular test to detect streptococcal bacteria. In this test, a doctor swipes a sterile swab over the back of the throat to get a sample of secretions. The sample is tested in a lab.
A sore throat caused by a viral infection usually lasts five to seven days and doesn't require medical treatment.
To ease pain and fever, many people turn to acetaminophen Tylenol, others or other mild pain relievers. Consider giving your child over-the-counter pain medications designed for infants or children, such as acetaminophen Children's Tylenol, FeverAll, others or ibuprofen Children's Advil, Children's Motrin, others , to ease symptoms.
Never give aspirin to children or teenagers because it has been linked to Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that causes swelling in the liver and brain. If your or your child's sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor or pediatrician will prescribe antibiotics. You or your child must take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed even if the symptoms are gone.
Failure to take all of the medication as directed can result in the infection worsening or spreading to other parts of the body. Not completing the full course of antibiotics to treat strep throat can increase a child's risk of rheumatic fever or serious kidney inflammation.
If a sore throat is a symptom of a condition other than a viral or bacterial infection, other treatments will likely be considered depending on the diagnosis. Regardless of the cause of your sore throat, these at-home care strategies can help you ease your or your child's symptoms:.
Although a number of alternative treatments are commonly used to soothe a sore throat, evidence is limited about what works. If you or your child needs an antibiotic for a bacterial infection, don't rely on alternative treatments alone. Check with your doctor before using any herbal remedies, as they can interact with prescription medications and may not be safe for children, pregnant and breast-feeding women, and people with certain health conditions.
Herbal or alternative products for a sore throat are often packaged as teas, sprays or lozenges. Common alternative remedies include:. If you or your child has a sore throat, make an appointment with your family doctor or your child's pediatrician. In some cases, you may be referred to a specialist in ear, nose and throat ENT disorders or an allergy specialist allergist. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.
Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis Your or your child's doctor will start with a physical exam that will include: Using a lighted instrument to look at the throat, and likely the ears and nasal passages Gently feeling palpating the neck to check for swollen glands lymph nodes Listening to your or your child's breathing with a stethoscope.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. References Sore throats. Accessed Feb. Sore throat. Merck Manual Professional Version. Seven tips to help you prevent a sore throat. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Drutz, JE. Sore throat in children and adolescents: Symptomatic treatment. Stead W. Symptomatic treatment of acute pharyngitis in adults. Slippery Elm.
Natural Medicines. Taking care of your voice. Chow AW, et al. Evaluation of acute pharyngitis in adults. Kellerman RD, et al. In: Conn's Current Therapy Philadelphia, Pa. Common colds: Protect yourself and others. Streptococcal pharyngitis. Rochester, Minn. Kahrilas, PJ. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux in adults. Gonzalez MD, et al. New developments in rapid diagnostic testing for children. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America.
AIDS and opportunistic infections. Shelov SP, et al. Ears, Nose and Throat. New York, N. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.