# How to use babel latex-Languages Other than English: Using Babel

LaTeX requires some additional configuration to typeset documents in languages other than English. There are currently two packages providing international language support, namely, Polyglossia and Babel. Both packages handle the following tasks:. When using the xelatex or lualatex engines, many of these problems are solved for you. This is, of course, assuming those fonts contain the glyphs you need, so you must ensure that your fonts support the languages you are using.

Use any of the following commands and environments to enter in text:. As of version 3. The arabic package provides the Right-to-Left scripts support for L a T e X without the need of any external preprocessor. Similar to "-but it produces no hyphen sign used for compound words with hyphen, e. Although czech letters with diacritical sign are displayed correctly, they are not Ue or search-able in PDF files generated with pdfLaTeX with just command above. For multilingual documents using Cyrillic Abdominal numbness during pregnancy Latin-based languages it makes sense to include Latin font encoding explicitly. See the ArabTeX Wikipedia How to use babel latex for further details. The free resources on this site are supported by book sales. Included is also a set of ini files for about languages.

## Gay sheer. Community Comments

Overleaf comes with a complete, ready to How to use babel latex LaTeX environment which runs on our servers. Number alignment in tables and different output modes re supported. Polish has many single letter connectives: "a", "o", "w", "i", "u", "z", etc. Email Required, but never shown. Read about all the exciting things you can do with Overleaf in our LaTeX guides. Unfortunately, it is partially incompatible with the dcolumn package. Episode of the Stack Overflow podcast is here. To adjust penalties for leaving widows and orphans clubs in TeX nomenclature use those commands:. You can input text in either romanized characters or native Arabic script Bukkake manga doujinshi. It also changes all automatic text into German, e. In addition to Alans comment, that comment you have read that it is enough to recompile, depends on how which options the editor passes to latex. Check How to use babel latex either our Flow preset or TypeScript preset to get started. It will let you print numbers the French way.

L a T e X supports many worldwide languages by means of some special packages.

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• Here are the main things Babel can do for you:.
• LaTeX uses symbolic names for many of the automatically-generated text it produces special-purpose section headings, captions, etc.
• L a T e X supports many worldwide languages by means of some special packages.

LaTeX requires some additional configuration to typeset documents in languages other than English. There are currently two packages providing international language support, namely, Polyglossia and Babel.

Both packages handle the following tasks:. When using the xelatex or lualatex engines, many of these problems are solved for you. This is, of course, assuming those fonts contain the glyphs you need, so you must ensure that your fonts support the languages you are using. When using the latex or pdflatex engines, you must tell LaTeX which encoding to use for your input files, and what "output" encoding it should use to map characters to their glyphs in the fonts.

For additional information, see the discussion of encoding in the Fonts chapter, as well as the Special Characters chapter. To use polyglossia, load it in your preamble and specify the languages you will be using, along with any language-specific options you wish.

For example, in a document that contains American English and French, we might use:. The are two ways to specify the document languages. One of them is as arguments to the package when it is loaded:.

Another approach is making the language a global option in order to let other packages detect and use it:. This command can be used to define easily your own language from scratch, too. Babel will automatically activate the appropriate hyphenation rules for the language you choose.

If your LaTeX format does not support hyphenation in the language of your choice, babel will still work but will disable hyphenation, which has quite a negative effect on the appearance of the typeset document with LuaLaTeX, however, hyphenation rules can be loaded when the document is being typeset. Babel also specifies new commands for some languages, which simplify the input of special characters. You can also add short pieces of text in another language using the command.

The starred version of this environment typesets the main text according to the rules of the other language, but keeps the language specific string for ancillary things like figures in the main language of the document.

Let us assume you are setting up a document in Swedish, with some words in Hebrew, with a font suited for both languages. If, on the other hand, you have to resort to different fonts, you could replace the 4th line above with, say:. Babel provides basic support fo bidi texts, mainly in LuaTeX. The package option may take three values, namely, default, basic-r, and basic. It is possible in LaTeX to typeset the content of one document in several languages and to choose upon compilation which language to output in predefined strings chapter name, date, etc.

Using the commands above in multilingual documents can be cumbersome, and therefore babel provides a way to define shorter names. The current language can also be tested by using the iflang package by Heiko Oberdiek the built-in feature from the babel package is not reliable. Here comes a simple example:. This allows to easily distinguish between two languages without the need of defining own commands.

Another approach for localized strings is translator. Here is a collection of language-specific suggestions. If you have experience in a language not listed below, please add some notes about it. Some of the methods described in this chapter may be useful when dealing with non-English author names in bibliographies. Add the following code to your preamble:.

You can input text in either romanized characters or native Arabic script encodings. Use any of the following commands and environments to enter in text:. See the ArabTeX Wikipedia article for further details. An extended package for LuaTeX is arabluatex. You may also use the Arabi package within Babel to typeset Arabic and Persian.

You may also copy and paste from PDF files produced with Arabi thanks to the support of the cmap package. An example with babel and LuaTeX follows rendering by the browser may be different from an editor :. The same applies to polyglossia. The Armenian script uses its own characters, which will require you to install a text editor that supports Unicode and will allow you to enter UTF-8 text, such as Texmaker or WinEdt. See Armenian Wikibooks for further details, especially on how to configure the Unicode supporting text editors to compile with Unicode engines.

An example for Russian with these engines, which do not require encoding transformations because everything is done directly in that encoding, is:.

Support for Cyrillic in non-Unicode engines is based on standard LaTeX mechanisms plus the fontenc and inputenc packages. If you are going to use Cyrillics in mathmode, you also need to load mathtext package before fontenc :. Generally, babel will automatically choose the default font encoding, for the above three languages this is T2A. However, documents are not restricted to a single font encoding. For multilingual documents using Cyrillic and Latin-based languages it makes sense to include Latin font encoding explicitly.

Babel will take care of switching to the appropriate font encoding when a different language is selected within the document. On modern operating systems it is beneficial to use Unicode utf8 or utf8x instead of KOI8-RU koi8-ru as an input encoding for Cyrillic text. For all three languages, language specific punctuation is provided: the Cyrillic dash for the text it is little narrower than Latin dash and surrounded by tiny spaces , a dash for direct speech, quotes, and commands to facilitate hyphenation:.

The Russian and Ukrainian options of babel define the commands. The Bulgarian option of babel provides the commands. One possible Chinese support is made available thanks to the CJK package collection.

Make sure your document is saved using the UTF-8 character encoding. Put the parts where you want to write chinese characters in a CJK environment. The last argument specifies the font. It must fit the desired language, since fonts are different for Chinese, Japanese and Korean.

Possible choices for Chinese include:. Although czech letters with diacritical sign are displayed correctly, they are not copy-able or search-able in PDF files generated with pdfLaTeX with just command above. Using package cmap solves this for some fonts, for others is also neccessary to use command glyphtounicode. As of version 3.

There are multiple options for typesetting French documents, depending on the flavor of French: french for Parisian French, and acadian and canadien for new-world French. If you do not know or do not really care, we would recommend using french. All enable French hyphenation, if you have configured your LaTeX system accordingly. Check out the following table for inspiration:.

You may want to typeset guillemets and other French characters directly if your keyboard has them. The textcomp package will fix it for you. So now you can write:.

The non-breaking space before the euro symbol is still necessary because currency symbols and other units or not supported in general that's not specific to French.

You can use the numprint package along Babel. It will let you print numbers the French way. You will also notice that the layout of lists changes when switching to the French language. This enables German hyphenation, if you have configured your LaTeX system accordingly. It also changes all automatic text into German, e.

Check out the table below for inspiration. With inputenc, all this becomes moot, but your text also is locked in a particular encoding world. German typesetters, however, use them differently. T1 encoded fonts, on the other hand, do contain the required symbols. So if you are using this type of quote, make sure you use the T1 encoding. Packages like ziffer enable input like 0,5. This is the preamble you need to write in the Greek language.

Note the particular input encoding. This preamble enables hyphenation and changes all automatic text to Greek. Another possible way to write in japanese is to use Lualatex and the luatex-ja package.

You can also use capabilities provided by the fontspec package and those provided by luatexja-fontspec to declare the font you want to use in your paper. Let us take an example:. Use UTF-8 as your encoding. For hyperref package to show the Table of Contents correctly, the encoding has to be explicitly specified.

Put the parts where you want to write japanese characters in a CJK environment. On the other hand, Hangul syllables, Hanjas Chinese characters as used in Korea , Hangul Jamos, Hiraganas, Katakanas, Greek and Cyrillic characters and other symbols and letters drawn from KS X are represented by two consecutive octets. The first has its MSB set. Until the mid's, it took a considerable amount of time and effort to set up a Korean-capable environment under a non-localized non-Korean operating system.

It divides a single CJK font with thousands or tens of thousands of glyphs into a set of subfonts with glyphs each. The CJK package is not specific to Korean. The ultimate purpose of using typesetting programs like TeX and LaTeX is to get documents typeset in an aesthetically satisfying way.

This command turns the Korean localization on. The headings of chapters, sections, subsections, table of content and table of figures are all translated into Korean and the formatting of the document is changed to follow Korean conventions. The package also provides automatic particle selection.

Related 1. The package option may take three values, namely, default, basic-r, and basic. Very likely you babel requested it in a previous run. Then select the General tab and press the Update Now button. The package also provides automatic particle selection.

### How to use babel latex. Community Comments

It is sufficient if you just compile once again. The inappropriate. I'm not seeing this as a dupe: this is very focussed on a specific issue, and is a pretty common problem. In particular, it's not caused by an error in the auxiliary files. Please, close voters, this is not really a duplicate, even though the answer is contained in the linked question. I've linked to it in my answer, but I think we should leave this question open. Very likely you babel requested it in a previous run.