The tale of mermaids-History of mermaids - Sirenas Mediterranean Academy

In folklore , a mermaid is an aquatic creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish. In ancient Assyria the goddess Atargatis transformed herself into a mermaid out of shame for accidentally killing her human lover. Mermaids are sometimes associated with perilous events such as floods, storms, shipwrecks, and drownings. In other folk traditions or sometimes within the same tradition , they can be benevolent or beneficent, bestowing boons or falling in love with humans. The male equivalent of the mermaid is the merman , also a familiar figure in folklore and heraldry.

The tale of mermaids

The tale of mermaids

The tale of mermaids

Ancient Image Galleries. Public Domain. After three centuries, when Christianity had come to Ireland, she was baptized. Triton was a creature with the upper part of The tale of mermaids body with the shape of The tale of mermaids man and the lower part with a fish tail. She holds an egg to symbolize that she protects life, and perhaps that she's kinda hungry. Originally, Greeks considered Mermaids half woman and half bird, but, considering that all mythical stories Teh constantly changing along tradition, then we find that Mermaids become half fish and half woman after a dispute with Matures in wisconsin Muses, their aunts from the genealogic point of view.

Argus gratuit. The Earliest Mermaid Tales

Added to Watchlist. Director: Dustin Rikert. August 11, The Weaver topless fell in love, and Matthew went with fale mermaid to her home at Pendour Cove. Shipped off to her American dad's ranch for the summer, a teen and her horse Lucky Lass compete for a spot at Happy hardcore without me National Youth Rodeo. See also: Mermaids in popular culture. In folklorea mermaid is an aquatic creature with the head and upper body The tale of mermaids a female human and the tail of a fish. Lumberwoods, Unnatural History Museum. A young girl faces the bittersweet reality that, on her upcoming twelfth birthday, The tale of mermaids is destined to turn into a mermaid. Subscribe to: Posts Atom.

Originally, Greeks considered Mermaids half woman and half bird, but, considering that all mythical stories are constantly changing along tradition, then we find that Mermaids become half fish and half woman after a dispute with the Muses, their aunts from the genealogic point of view.

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  • In folklore , a mermaid is an aquatic creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish.
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Mermaid , masculine merman , a fabled marine creature with the head and upper body of a human being and the tail of a fish. Similar divine or semidivine beings appear in ancient mythologies e. In European folklore , mermaids sometimes called sirens and mermen were natural beings who, like fairies, had magical and prophetic powers.

They loved music and often sang. Though very long-lived, they were mortal and had no souls. Many folktales record marriages between mermaids who might assume human form and men. While the objects are hidden she lives with him; if she finds them she returns at once to the sea.

In some variants the marriage lasts while certain agreed-upon conditions are fulfilled, and it ends when the conditions are broken. Though sometimes kindly, mermaids and mermen were usually dangerous to man.

Their gifts brought misfortune, and, if offended, the beings caused floods or other disasters. To see one on a voyage was an omen of shipwreck. They sometimes lured mortals to death by drowning, as did the Lorelei of the Rhine, or enticed young people to live with them underwater, as did the mermaid whose image is carved on a bench in the church of Zennor, Cornwall , England.

Aquatic mammals, such as the dugong and manatee , that suckle their young in human fashion above water are considered by some to underlie these legends. Article Media. Info Print Cite.

Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Facts Matter. Start Your Free Trial Today. Such sirenoid individuals may have a single foot uromelus , or limbs fused throughout their length with no separate feet sirenomelus or symmelus. Modern sirenians have two front limbs in the form of flippers but no hind limbs; even the pelvis is vestigial, and there are no skeletal remnants of leg or foot bones at all. Sirenian bodies are basically round in cross-section and taper toward….

Herds of — dugongs, however, are sometimes seen, with being the maximum recorded. History at your fingertips.

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Orlando Sentinel. Watch now. Follow IMDb on. Retrieved 8 February XLVII 1 : Bits salvaged from wrecks, bottles, lamps, weapons, coins, ropes, floats, blocks, compasses, models of ships in glass cases, sea charts, even bi-corn hats, I could go on The goddess Atargatis , mother of Assyrian queen Semiramis , loved a mortal a shepherd and unintentionally killed him.

The tale of mermaids

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Rate This. A young girl faces the bittersweet reality that, on her upcoming twelfth birthday, she is destined to turn into a mermaid. Director: Kevan Peterson. Writer: Kevan Peterson. Added to Watchlist. Related News Shazam! Fantasy Movies. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin.

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Edit page. Clear your history. IMDb Everywhere. Follow IMDb on. DPReview Digital Photography. Audible Download Audio Books. The Havis Amanda statue symbolizes the rebirth of the city of Helsinki, capital of Finland.

The Syrenka mermaid is part of the Coat of Arms of Warsaw , and is considered a protector of Warsaw, capital of Poland, which publicly displays statues of their mermaid. Lorelei , the name of a Rhine mermaid immortalized in the Heinrich Heine poem of that name, has become a synonym for a siren. An example of late British Academy style artwork, the piece debuted to considerable acclaim and secured Waterhouse's place as a member of the Royal Academy , but disappeared into a private collection and did not resurface until the s.

It is currently once again in the Royal Academy's collection. He painted an image of the mermaid of Zennor as well as several other depictions of mermaids in watercolour. Film depictions include Miranda , Night Tide , the romantic comedy Splash , and Aquamarine A episode of the television series Route 66 entitled "The Cruelest Sea" featured a mermaid performance artist working at Weeki Wachee aquatic park.

Mermaids also appeared in the popular supernatural drama television series Charmed , and were the basis of its spin-off series Mermaid. In She Creature , two carnival workers abduct a mermaid in Ireland c. The film Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides mixes old and new myths about mermaids: singing to sailors to lure them to their death, growing legs when taken onto dry land, and bestowing kisses with magical healing properties.

Disney 's musical aimated version of Andersen's tale, The Little Mermaid was released in The sea-witch herself replaces the princess to whom the prince becomes engaged, using the mermaid's voice to prevent her from obtaining the prince's love. However, on their wedding day the plot is revealed, and the sea-witch is vanquished. The knife motif is not used in the film, which ends with the mermaid and the prince marrying.

Hayao Miyazaki 's Ponyo. In heraldry , the charge of a mermaid is commonly represented with a comb and a mirror, [] and blazoned as a "mermaid in her vanity". A shield and sword-wielding mermaid Syrenka is on the official coat of arms of Warsaw.

The Cusack family crest includes a mermaid wielding a sword, as depicted on a memorial stone for Sir Thomas Cusack — The city of Norfolk , Virginia, also uses a mermaid as a symbol. Interest in mermaid costuming has grown alongside the popularity of fantasy cosplay as well as the availability of inexpensive monofins used in the construction of mermaid costumes.

These costumes are typically designed to be used while swimming, in an activity known as mermaiding. Mermaid fandom conventions have also been held. The Ama are Japanese skin divers, predominantly women, who traditionally dive for shellfish and seaweed wearing only a loincloth and who have been in action for at least 2, years. Starting in the twentieth century, they have increasingly been regarded as a tourist attraction. They have been romanticized as mermaids.

Professional female divers have performed as mermaids at Florida's Weeki Wachee Springs since Children often ask if the "mermaids" are real. The park's PR director says "Just like with Santa Claus or any other mythical character, we always say yes. We're not going to tell them they're not real". Mermaid carved on a capital of the Rio Mau Monastic church A stone coat of arms in Santo Domingo church Pontevedra , Galicia , 16th century. Fountain depicting a mermaid playing a guitar, located in the Museum of the City of Mexico 17th century.

A stone coat of arms in Mugardos , Galicia , 18th century. Illustration from Vanity Fair , Becky Sharp as a mermaid. Mermaid and merman, Unknown Russian folk artist. Havfrue , by Elisabeth Jerichau Baumann The Land Baby , by John Collier The Mermaid and the Satyr , by Ferdinand Leeke Mermaids , by Jean Francis Aubertin circa The Little Mermaid statue in Copenhagen From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 19 October This article is about fish-bodied female merfolk.

For the males, see merman. For the people, see merfolk. For other uses, see Mermaid disambiguation. Legendary aquatic creature with an upper body in human female form.

John William Waterhouse , A Mermaid See also: Mermaids in popular culture. The Mermaid , by Howard Pyle Illustration of The Little Mermaid by E. Hardy circa Sirenomelia - or "mermaid syndrome", a disorder in which a child is born with legs fused together.

But a 9th century bestiary as an example depicts the siren as mermaid. Sometimes the illustration is that of a mermaid while the text still described a bird-woman. The mermaid had used the ability to produce foam conceal herself. Retrieved 16 April Online Etymology Dictionary. Many folklorists and mythographers deem that the origin of the mythic mermaid is the dugong , posing a theory that mythicised tales have been constructed around early sightings of dugongs by sailors.

The British Museum Press. January American Journal of Archaeology. Atridge and Robert A. Tauris Parke Paperbacks. Northern History. XLVII 1 : Archived from the original PDF on 11 February Retrieved 25 July Retrieved 11 May Senara's Church". Zennor Parish Council. Archived from the original on Retrieved An Encyclopedia of Fairies. Pantheon Books. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner. Retrieved November 20, Haase, Donald ed. The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 28, The City of Calgary.

Philip Jepsen. Retrieved May 6, Russian folk belief. Schiller, Sophie illustr. Armonk, NY: M. The encyclopedia of spirits: the ultimate guide to the magic of fairies, genies, demons, ghosts, gods, and goddesses. New York: HarperOne. Russian myths. Austin, TX: Univ. Modern drama by women s—s: an international anthology. London: Routledge. Russian Folk Belief. Iwanami Shoten. Journal of the American Oriental Society.

Schafer also refers to "shark" here being interchangeable with jiao dragon which he suggests translating as "cockatrice". Science and Civilisation in China: Physics and physical technology: pt. Cambridge University Press. Guangdong: Guangdonggaodeng jiaoyu chubanshe. Hayward, Philip ed. Scaled for Success: The Internationalisation of the Mermaid. Indiana University Press. Journal of Comparative literature. Nihon Hikaku Bungakukai. Japan: The 'Mermaidization' of the Ningyo and related folkloric figures.

Translated by Birrell, Anne. Penguin Books. Studies in Sanskrit and Indian culture in Thailand. Parimal Publications. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Honeymoon in Tehran. Random House. The banning of some names, like Maneli meaning Mermaid [ Conexion Cubana. Tampa bay. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on December 1, The Encyclopedia of Spirits. Cited by "History", Mermaids , Northstar Gallery. The Classical Tradition and the Americas: European images of the Americas and the classical tradition 2 pts. Walter de Gruyter. National Academies.

The Adventures of Henry Hudson. Radio World Service. Retrieved July 26, York Daily. June 8, Retrieved January 2, Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 22 September Daily Mail. Retrieved 8 February The Feejee mermaid. The Feejee mermaid and other essays in natural and unnatural history. Calgary Herald. The Guardian. The Scientific Monthly. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. Retrieved March 17, American Journal of Limnology and Oceanography.

Bibcode : LimOc.. Archived from the original PDF on The Little Mermaid. The Little Mermaid and Other Stories. Translated by Robert Nisbet Bain.

Mermaid - Wikipedia

In folklore , a mermaid is an aquatic creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish. In ancient Assyria the goddess Atargatis transformed herself into a mermaid out of shame for accidentally killing her human lover. Mermaids are sometimes associated with perilous events such as floods, storms, shipwrecks, and drownings. In other folk traditions or sometimes within the same tradition , they can be benevolent or beneficent, bestowing boons or falling in love with humans.

The male equivalent of the mermaid is the merman , also a familiar figure in folklore and heraldry. Although traditions about and sightings of mermen are less common than those of mermaids, they are generally assumed to co-exist with their female counterparts. The male and the female collectively are sometimes referred to as merfolk or merpeople. The conception of mermaids in the West may have been influenced by the Sirens of Greek mythology , which were originally half-birdlike, but came to be pictured as half-fishlike in the Christian era.

Historical accounts of mermaids, such as those reported by Christopher Columbus during his exploration of the Caribbean, may have been sightings of manatees or similar aquatic mammals. While there is no evidence that mermaids exist outside folklore, reports of mermaid sightings continue to the present day. Mermaids have been a popular subject of art and literature in recent centuries, such as in Hans Christian Andersen 's literary fairy tale " The Little Mermaid " They have subsequently been depicted in operas, paintings, books, films and comics.

The word mermaid is a compound of the Old English mere sea , and maid a girl or young woman. The sirens of Greek mythology especially the Odyssey , conceived of as half-bird and half-woman, but this shifted to the image of a fish-tailed woman. This shift possibly started as early as the Hellenistic Period , [4] but are clearly evident in mermaid-like depictions of "sirens" in later Christian bestiaries.

Some attributes of Homer 's sirens, such as the enticement of men and their beautiful song, also became attached to the mermaid. There are also naturalist theories on the origins of the mermaid, postulating they derive from sightings of the manatee , or dugong or even seals. Depictions of entities with the tails of fish, but upper bodies of human beings appear in Mesopotamian artwork from the Old Babylonian Period onwards.

The first known mermaid stories appeared in Assyria c. The goddess Atargatis , mother of Assyrian queen Semiramis , loved a mortal a shepherd and unintentionally killed him. Ashamed, she jumped into a lake and took the form of a fish , but the waters would not conceal her divine beauty.

Thereafter, she took the form of a mermaid—human above the waist, fish below—although the earliest representations of Atargatis showed her as a fish with a human head and arm, similar to the Babylonian god Ea. He thought that humans, who begin life with prolonged infancy , could not have survived otherwise. She would ask the sailors on any ship she would encounter only one question: "Is King Alexander alive?

This answer would please her, and she would accordingly calm the waters and bid the ship farewell. Any other answer would enrage her, and she would stir up a terrible storm, dooming the ship and every sailor on board. But other men swear that Semiramis of Babylonia, whose deeds are many in Asia , also founded this site, and not for Hera but for her own mother, whose name was Derketo. I saw Derketo's likeness in Phoenicia , a strange marvel.

It is woman for half its length; but the other half, from thighs to feet, stretched out in a fish's tail. But the image in the Holy City is entirely a woman, and the grounds for their account are not very clear. They consider fish to be sacred, and they never eat them; and though they eat all other fowls they do not eat the dove , for they believe it is holy.

And these things are done, they believe, because of Derketo and Semiramis, the first because Derketo has the shape of a fish, and the other because ultimately Semiramis turned into a dove. Well, I may grant that the temple was a work of Semiramis perhaps; but that it belongs to Derketo I do not believe in any way.

For among the Egyptians some people do not eat fish, and that is not done to honor Derketo. In his Natural History 9. He comments that the governor of Gaul even wrote a letter to Emperor Augustus to inform him. They can and do interbreed with land humans, and the children of such unions have the ability to live underwater. The underwater society follows a form of primitive communism where concepts like money and clothing do not exist.

The Norman chapel in Durham Castle , built around by Saxon stonemasons, has what is probably the earliest surviving artistic depiction of a mermaid in England.

Mermaids appear in British folklore as unlucky omens, both foretelling disaster and provoking it. In some versions, she tells them they will never see land again; in others, she claims they are near shore, which they are wise enough to know means the same thing. Mermaids have also been described as able to swim up rivers to freshwater lakes.

In one story, the Laird of Lorntie went to aid a woman he thought was drowning in a lake near his house; a servant of his pulled him back, warning that it was a mermaid, and the mermaid screamed at them that she would have killed him if it were not for his servant. According to legend, a mermaid came to the Cornish village of Zennor where she used to listen to the singing of a chorister, Matthew Trewhella.

The two fell in love, and Matthew went with the mermaid to her home at Pendour Cove. On summer nights, the lovers can be heard singing together. At the Church of Saint Senara in Zennor, there is a famous chair decorated by a mermaid carving which is probably six hundred years old. Some tales raised the question of whether mermaids had immortal souls, answering in the negative. After three centuries, when Christianity had come to Ireland, she was baptized. In Scottish mythology , a ceasg is a fresh-water mermaid, though little beside the term has been preserved in folklore.

One story tells of a fisherman who carried a stranded mermaid back into the sea and was rewarded with the location of treasure. Another recounts the tale of a baby mermaid who stole a doll from a human little girl, but was rebuked by her mother and sent back to the girl with a gift of a pearl necklace to atone for the theft. A third story tells of a fishing family that made regular gifts of apples to a mermaid and was rewarded with prosperity.

A freshwater mermaid-like creature from European folklore is Melusine. She is sometimes depicted with two fish tails, or with the lower body of a serpent. Rusalkas are the Slavic counterpart of the Greek sirens and naiads. Zelenin they all share a common element: they are the restless spirits of the unclean dead. Rusalkas are said to inhabit lakes and rivers. They appear as beautiful young women with long pale green hair and pale skin, suggesting a connection with floating weeds and days spent underwater in faint sunlight.

They can be seen after dark, dancing together under the moon and calling out to young men by name, luring them to the water and drowning them. The characterization of rusalkas as both desirable and treacherous is prevalent in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, and was emphasized by 19th-century Russian authors. Merfolk are mentioned in the Shanhaijing Classic of Mountains and Seas compilation of Chinese geography and mythology, dating from the 4th century BC.

She looks human in every respect except that her body is covered with fine hair of many colors. She can't talk, but he takes her home and marries her. After his death, the mermaid returns to the sea where she was found.

In the second story, a man sees a woman lying on the beach while his ship was anchored offshore. On closer inspection, her feet and hands appear to be webbed. She is carried to the water, and expresses her gratitude toward the sailors before swimming away. Korea is bounded on three sides by the sea. In some villages near the sea in Korea, there are mysterious stories about mermaids. Mermaids have features just like humans and Kim Dam Ryeong, who was a mayor of the town, saved four captured mermaids from a fisherman, as recorded in the Eou yadam unofficial histories.

The island's residents believed her to be goddess of the sea and that she could predict the weather. In certain prominent depictions, the ningyo is not quite half-female, but has a human female head resting on a fish-like body.

It was said to have a pair of golden horns, a red belly, three eyes on each side of its torso, and a carp-like tail end.

It is not discernible whether the flesh was a female; a pair of translators call it a "flesh of a mermaid" in one book, [59] but merely a "strange fish with a human face" in another. Suvannamaccha lit. She is a mermaid princess who tries to spoil Hanuman's plans to build a bridge to Lanka but falls in love with him instead. She is a popular figure of Thai folklore. Mami Water Lit. They are usually female, but are sometimes male.

They are regarded as diabolical beings, and are often femme fatale, luring men to their deaths. Examples from other cultures are the jengu of Cameroon , the iara of Brazil and the Greek oceanids , nereids and naiads. The ningyo is a fishlike creature from Japanese folklore, and consuming its flesh bestows amazing longevity.

Mermaids and mermen are also characters of Philippine folklore , where they are locally known as sirena and siyokoy respectively. According to Dorothy Dinnerstein 's book The Mermaid and the Minotaur , human-animal hybrids such as mermaids and minotaurs convey the emergent understanding of the ancients that human beings were both one with and different from animals:.

In , sailing off the coast of Hispaniola , Christopher Columbus spotted three sirens or mermaids Spanish : serenas which he said were not as beautiful as they are represented, due to some masculine features in their faces, but these are considered to be sightings of manatees.

During Henry Hudson's second voyage, on June 15, , members of his crew reported sighting a mermaid in the Arctic Ocean, either in the Norwegian or Barents Seas. Two sightings were reported in Canada near Vancouver and Victoria , one from sometime between and , the other from It was reported by Samuel Sipepa Nkomo , the water resources minister. A celebrated example of mermaid hoax was the Feejee mermaid exhibited in London in and later in America by P.

Barnum in , [79] in this case an investigator claims to have traced the mermaid's manufacture to a Japanese fisherman. A similar fake "mermaid" at the Horniman Museum [82] has also been reassessed by another curator as a "merman".

Fake mermaids made in China and the Malay archipelago out of monkey and fish parts were imported into Europe by Dutch traders since the midth century, and their manufactures are thought to go back earlier.

In the middle of the 17th century, John Tradescant the elder created a wunderkammer called Tradescant's Ark in which he displayed, among other things, a "mermaid's hand".

The topic of mermaids in earnest has arisen in several instances of scientific scrutiny, including a biological assessment of the unlikelihood of the supposed evolutionary biology of the mermaid on the popular marine science website, DeepSeaNews. Mermaids were also discussed tongue-in-cheek in a scientific article by University of Washington emeritus oceanographer Karl Banse.

The best-known example of mermaids in literature is probably Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tale, The Little Mermaid , first published in The mermaid falls in love with a human prince, [d] and also longs for an eternal soul like humans, despite the shorter life-span. The two cravings are intertwined: only by achieving true love will her soul bind with a human's and become everlasting.

The tale of mermaids

The tale of mermaids

The tale of mermaids